11%20September%20356

11%20September%20356 - The Structure of America's State...

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1 The Structure of America’s State Courts and Texas’ Courts This slide presentation will be posted after class at – http://www-polisci.tamu.edu/faculty/flemming/ How Would You Design a Court System for Texas?
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2 Jurisdiction and the Organization of Courts Jurisdiction = The Power to Decide Subject matter Major vs minor General vs limited (specialized) Criminal vs civil Exclusive vs concurrent (diversity) Geographic Function Trial versus appellate (original v. appellate) Appellate: mandatory v. discretionary authority The more general the subject matter and geographic jurisdiction, the “simpler” the organization of courts. Organizational “Independence” of Courts and Judges •Selection of judges Appointed vs elected •Tenure of judges Life-tenure vs limited terms •Financial support •Salaries and retirement •Judicial administration Rules and internal governance Non-elected judges with longer tenures are more likely to be independent and courts with authority over their rules and internal governance are more likely to be independent.
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11%20September%20356 - The Structure of America's State...

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