CLASSWORK_POLS315_OUTLINES_2008-1.01.14 - 2008.02.04

CLASSWORK_POLS315_OUTLINES_2008-1.01.14 - 2008.02.04 -...

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a11debd780d22d90e7de67b0175d5bc0e9a336e3.doc , PAGE 1 JOHN WINTHROP o THE LITTLE SPEECH (1639) THESIS: WINTHROP SPEAKS TO DEFEND THE IDEA OF A FEW GOVERNING THE MANY IN ACCORDANCE WITH GOD’S INTENTIONS, THAT SUCH A GOVERNOR NEED NOT ANSWER TO THE GOVERNED, AND THE NON-ARBITRARY NATURE OF SUCH GOVERNING. PEOPLE IN POWER SOMETIMES FALL SHORT OF WHAT THE MASSES WOULD WISH, BUT SINCE THEY ARE CHOSEN BY THE MASSES (GENERALLY, AND IN ONE WAY OR ANOTHER), SHORTCOMINGS ARE AS MUCH THE FAULT OF THE MASSES AS THEY ARE OF THOSE GIVEN GOVERNORSHIP OF THEM. GOVERNING A REGION OR STATE IS NOT A CRAFT, BUT AN ART, AND SO ANY SHORTCOMINGS MUST BE FORGIVEN DUE TO ITS ARTFUL NATURE. HUMANS ARE AT LIBERTY TO DO BOTH GOOD AND EVIL, BUT GOVERNORS SHOULD DO NO EVIL. CALLING ON GOD TO SUBDUE ONE’S BRUTISH NATURE IS THE ONLY WAY TO ENSURE THAT ONE DOES NOT BECOME MORE EVIL BY DOING EVIL. OFFERS A “PARABLE” OF A WOMAN CHOOSING HER HUSBAND AS HER MASTER. LEAVING AN ERRING HUSBAND DOES LITTLE TO BENEFIT THE WOMAN, AND THE REACTIONS OF THE MAN ARE GOOD AND LOVING, EVEN IF THEY MUST AT TIMES BE HARSH AND REBUKING. DO WHAT IS BEST FOR THE COMMUNITY, NOT WHAT IS BEST FOR YOU, EVEN IF WHAT YOU THINK IS BEST FOR THE COMMUNITY IS WHAT YOU THINK IS BEST FOR YOU. IF YOU ARE A GODLY PERSON, YOU WILL SUBMIT TO THE AUTHORITY OF THOSE YOU HAVE PUT IN CHARGE OF YOU, EVEN IF THEY DO NOT ALWAYS DO YOUR WILL, AS THEY WILL DO INSTEAD THE WILL OF GOD, WHICH IS BEST FOR YOU IN THE END ANYWAY. BENJAMIN FRANKLIN o OBSERVATIONS CONCERNING THE INCREASE OF MANKIND, THE PEOPLING OF COUNTRIES, ETC. (1751) THESIS: FRANKLIN ARGUES THAT GREAT BRITAIN SHOULD NOT PUT RESTRICTIONS ON WHOM THE COLONIES SEND OR RECEIVE EXPORTS AND IMPORTS FROM, NOR UPON THE PRICES OF THEIR PRODUCTS, BECAUSE THE COLONIES ARE SET UP MUCH DIFFERENTLY THAN GREAT BRITAIN. BRITAIN, BEING WELL-ESTABLISHED AND COMPOSED MOSTLY OF CITIES, IS MUCH SMALLER IN SIZE THAN THE COLONIAL AREAS, WHICH MEANS IT NEEDS FEW OF EVERYTHING (IMPORTS FROM COLONIES). BRITAIN, BEING WELL-ESTABLISHED AND COMPOSED MOSTLY OF CITIES, IS MUCH SMALLER IN POPULATION THAN THE COLONIAL AREAS WILL BE WHEN ITS POPULATIONS ARE AS DENSELY SETTLED. THIS MEANS THAT IT WILL NOT BE ABLE TO SINGLE- HANDEDLY GIVE THE COLONIES EVERYTHING THEY NEED. SLAVE LABOR IS NOT FREE LABOR, SO PRICES WILL BE AS HIGH, OR HIGHER, FOR COLONIAL GOODS THAN FOR BRITISH GOODS. FOREIGN COMPETITION KEEPS THIS IN CHECK. LIMITING WHAT IS ALLOWED TO BE PRACTICED MORE THAN CAPABILITY RESTRICTS IT, KEEPS PEOPLE FROM PROSPERING AND SPREADING TO NEW AREAS, WHICH MEANS THAT ENGLISH INFLUENCE DECREASES TO THOSE WHO ARE NECESSARY, AND FOREIGN/NATIVE INFLUENCE INCREASES. POPULATIONS CAN INCREASE NO FASTER THAN THE MEANS OF THEIR SUBSISTENCE.
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