Study Guide Test 3- History - Study Guide Test 3 Outline 1...

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Study Guide: Test 3Outline 1I.Postwar Planninga.Spheres of Influence- Russia felt the U.S. didn’t come to Europe fast enough as the U.S. was fighting in the pacific before going to Europe. Yalta conference held and Churchill and FDR did not trust Stalin at all. The U.S. and the Soviet Union disagreed on many subjects. b.United Nations and Security Council, 1945- In 1944, U.S. and other allied nations form the United Nations. Security Council was responsible for maintaining peace around the world. Five permanent members of France, China, Great Britain, U.S. and Russia. II.Policy of Containmenta.George Kennan, the American charge d’affaires in Moscow, sends an 8,000-word telegram to the Department of State detailing his views on the Soviet Union, and U.S. policy toward the communist state. Kennan’s analysis provided one of the most influential underpinnings for America’s Cold War policy of containment.b.Truman Doctrine, 1947 (military part of containment)- the Truman Doctrine was an American foreign policy to stop Soviet imperialism during the Cold War. It was announced to Congress by President Harry S. Truman on March 12, 1947 when he pledged to contain Soviet threats to Greece and Turkey.c.Marshall Plan (European Recovery Program), 1947 (economic part of containment) - wasan American initiative to aid Western Europe, in which the United Statesgave $13 billionin economic support to help rebuild Western European economies after the end of World War II. The plan was in operation for four years beginning in April 1947. The goals of the United States were to rebuild war-devastated regions, remove trade barriers, modernize industry, make Europe prosperous again, and prevent the spread of communism.III.Tensions Intensifya.Berlin Airlift, 1948- Post war Germany was divided into three sections--the Allied part was controlled by the United States, Great Britain and France and other part by the Soviet Union. The city of Berlin, although located in the eastern Soviet half, was also divided into four sectors --West Berlin occupied by Allied interests and East Berlin occupied by Soviets. In June 1948, the Soviet Union attempted to control all of Berlin by cutting surface traffic to and from the city of West Berlin. Starving out the population and cutting off their business was their method of gaining control. The Truman administration reacted with a continual daily airlift which brought much needed food and supplies into the city of West Berlin. This Air bridge to Berlin lasted until the end of September of 1949---although on May 12, 1949, the Soviet government yielded and lifted the blockade.b.NATA vs. Warsaw Pact- NATO were mainly capitalist nations aligned with the US during the Cold War, and Warsaw Pact nations were communist like the USSR. The North Atlantic Treaty Organization was created in 1949 by the United States, Canada, and several Western European nations to provide collective security against the Soviet

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