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HIST 102 MIDTERM NOTES

HIST 102 MIDTERM NOTES - HIST 102 MIDTERM STUDY GUIDE...

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HIST 102 MIDTERM: STUDY GUIDE Absolutism ruler contained sole and absolute governing power Mercantilism Governments must intervene to increase national wealth by whatever means possible Established by Jean-Baptiste Colbert, under Louis XIV Increased # of bureaucrats Bureaucracy - network of state officials carrying out orders according to a regular authority Peter the Great tsar of Russia from 1682 to 1725 built St. Petersburg wanted more seaside outlets carried out Westernization to modernize Russia, making Russia an Empire and a world power Catherine the Great married to Peter thought progress could only be achieved by doing away with superstition and everything must be looked at with reason focus on education to eliminate ignorance caused uprise of public opinion Deism ( & name a prominent Deist) Voltaire and Rousseau, Newton and Jefferson were deists
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