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1Nursing 371: Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander and Breast Cancer ScreeningName of StudentProfessorInstitution AffiliationCourse + CodeDate
2Nursing 371: Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander and Breast Cancer ScreeningAboriginals and Torres Strait Islanders constitute about 2.5 percent of the Australianpeople. Most of these indigenous populations reside in the country's remote areas, and theircultural marginalisation and socio-economic disadvantages impact their health (AustralianInstitute of Health and Welfare, AIHW, 2018). In Australia, there is a health gap between thenon-indigenous and indigenous people suffering from long-lasting illnesses such as chronicobstructive disease, mental health issues, diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, and cancer (Ju,Kapellas, & Jamieson, 2021). This essay describes the Torres Strait Islanders and Aboriginalsresiding in inaccessible Australian areas as the disadvantaged and the marginalised communities.It will further elucidate breast cancer screening concerning Australia's Aboriginals and TorresStrait Islanders. Finally, the essay will describe how nurses employ the strength-based approachto partner with Aboriginals and Torres Strait Islanders to address breast cancer screening.Indigenous Australians consist of various subgroups that vary in their cultural traditions,histories, and languages. These people live in remote areas, and some live in cities, and thosewho live in cities often have different welfare and health than those living in rural areas. TheAustralian Institute of Health and Welfare (AIHW, 2020) envisages that thirty-three percent ofthe indigenous Australians live in New South Wales, with the Northern Territory comprising themost significant percentage of their population. Indigenous culture comprises various vitalelements such as law,language, ceremony, family, and land (Australian Institute of Health andWelfare, AIHW, 2018). For instance, indigenous people are connected to their families, culture,and land through the kinship system that aligns with particular responsibilities and tasks evidentin their ceremonies and law. In Australia, the Aboriginals and Torres Strait Islanders have poor
3health than their counterparts. There are apparent disparities among the non-indigenous andindigenous people in Australia in terms of the quality-of-life indicators.Generally, Torres Strait Islander and Aboriginal communities experience low educationstandards, health standards, housing, and employment. They are often overrepresented incriminal justice (Australian Institute of Health and Welfare, AIHW, 2018). High poverty levels,illiteracy levels, and poor housing expose them to risks of contracting infections. Their history ofmarginalisation and disadvantage stems from their colonial history, which discloses them to lossof culture, land dispossession, discrimination, and loss of culture. These factors promote poorwell-being outcomes amongst the indigenous Australians regarding access to top healthcarefacilities and services, education, and employment opportunities, which later impact health.

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