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Psyc 500 Feb 5th notes

Psyc 500 Feb 5th notes - February 5 2008 Anxiety Disorders...

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February 5, 2008 Anxiety Disorders Potential exam questions: What is most severe? What is most resistant to treatment? Panic disorder…. b/c it’s unexpected, illogical Anxiety characterized by strong negative emotion and tension in anticipation of future danger or threat Moderate amounts of anxiety is adaptive; helps us cope with potentially dangerous situations Anxiety experienced by children with anxiety disorders is excessive and debilitating Three interrelated anxiety response systems: (Table 7.1) Physical system-fight or flight response, mediated by the sympathetic nervous system Cognitive system-attentional shift and hypervigilance, nervousness, difficulty concentrating Behavioral system-aggression and/or avoidance Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) very commonly used, has many different subscales Anxiety and depression subscale: Lonely, cries, fears doing something bad, feels need to be perfect, feels unloved, feels other out to get you, feels worthless, nervous, fearful, guilty, self-conscious, suspicious of others, sad, worries Negative Affectivity (NA): persistent negative mood Positive Affectivity (PA): states such as joy, enthusiasm and energy NA is present in both anxiety and depression, but PA is uncorrelated with anxiety and negatively correlated with depression. So can be anxious with PA, but if depressed low PA. Anxiety: future-oriented mood state, which may occur in the absence of realistic danger Fear: present focused emotional reaction to current danger (fight or flight) Panic: sudden and not necessarily based on fact?
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