Psyc 500 Feb 7 notes

Psyc 500 Feb 7 notes - February 7, 2008 Theories and Causes...

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February 7, 2008 Theories and Causes Early theories -classical psychoanalytic: defenses against unconscious conflicts rooted in early upbringing -behavioral and learning theories: fears and anxieties learned through classical conditioning and maintained through operant conditioning (two factor theory) (relief at avoidance, avoidance becomes learned response) -attachment theory: early insecure attachments lead children to see the environment as undependable, unavailable, hostile, and threatening Temperament -children born with a low threshold for novel and unexpected stimuli are at greater risk for anxiety disorders; this type of temperament called behavior inhibition (BI) -development of anxiety disorders in a child temperamentally predisposed is dependent on parental response- parents who set firm limits and teach children to cope with stress have better outcomes. Genetic and family risk -family and twin studies suggest a biological vulnerability
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Psyc 500 Feb 7 notes - February 7, 2008 Theories and Causes...

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