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Neuroscience CH14Communication

Neuroscience CH14Communication - Behavioral Neuroscience Ch...

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Behavioral Neuroscience Ch. 14 Human Communication Cerebrovascular accident: stroke; brain damage caused by occlusion or rupture of blood vessel in the brain Aphasia: difficulty in producing/comprehending speech not produced by deafness or a simple motor deficit; caused by brain damage Broca’s aphasia: characterized by agrammatism, anomia and difficulty in speech articulation o Agrammatism: difficulty in comprehending/properly employing grammatical devices, like verb endings and word order o Anomia: difficulty in finding (remembering) appropriate words to describe an object, action or attribute Function word: preposition, article or other word that conveys little meaning of a sentence but is impt in specifying its grammatical structure Content word: noun, verb, adjective or adverb that conveys meaning Broca’s area: region of frontal cortex, just rostral to the base of left prim motor cortex, necessary for normal speech production
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