Psychology Chapter 4 and 6 Study Guide

Psychology Chapter 4 and 6 Study Guide - Psychology Chapter...

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Chapter 4 and 6 Study Guide 1. What are the stages of pregnancy? When does each start and end? a. Germinal Period – 2-week period between conception and implantation. b. Embryonic Period - Lasts 6 weeks (Until the 8 th week of pregnancy) c. Fetal Period – Lasts until birth 2. What is a teratogen? a. Environmental agents – such as disease organisms or drugs – that can potentially damage the developing embryo or fetus. 3. What stage of pregnancy does sexual differentiation? a. Embryonic Period 4. What hormone in females triggers the adolescent growth spurt? a. Estrogen 5. What hormone in males triggers the adolescent growth spurt? a. Androgens 6. What is the most valid criticism of Kohlberg’s moral development theory? a. Basis for Moral Judgment 7. What is conservation? a. The ability to recognize that the physical properties of an object remain the same despite superficial changes in the object’s appearance. 8. What is accommodation? a. The process through which we change or modify existing schemata to accommodate new experiences. 9. What are the stages of Piaget cognitive development stages? What happens during each stage? How long does each stage last? a. Sensorimotor Period - Schemata revolve around sensory and motor abilities – Lasting from birth to about 2 years of age. b. Preoperational Period – Children begin to think symbolically but often lack the ability to perform mental operations such as conservation – Lasting from ages 2 to about 7. c. Concrete Operational Period – Children acquire the capacity to perform a number of mental operations but still lack the ability for abstract reasoning. d. Formal Operational Period – Though processes become adult like, and people gain mastery over abstract thinking – 11 to Adulthood. 10. What is object permanence?
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This note was uploaded on 04/26/2008 for the course PSYC 101 taught by Professor Black during the Fall '03 term at Auburn University.

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Psychology Chapter 4 and 6 Study Guide - Psychology Chapter...

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