Notes - THL 550: History of the Christian Church 25/02/2008...

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Unformatted text preview: THL 550: History of the Christian Church 25/02/2008 18:29:00 Bernard of Clairvaux Introduction New experiments in religious life: the Cistercians o We can experience God Bernard of Clairvaux o Expanding the Cistercians o Best known preacher of the day o One of the great mystics in the history of Christianity Bernard of Clairvaux First Life o William of St. Thierry o Geoffrey of Auzerre Citeaux & the Cistercians o New experiment that is starting to be successful o Founded originally by Robert of Molesme Wanted to create a reformed monestary o Novum monasterum o Wanted to get back to the rule of St. Benedict Pick white robes as their symbol o Vegetarians o Get back into the work of the hands Farmers o Clashes with Cluny o Adults only Abbot of Clairvaux at age 25. On conversion o Learn by experience o Given in Paris o Monestary as paradise. o The mystical as the wages o Appeals to personal experience Clash with Peter Abelard o From a knightly family o Intellectual dualist o Recognize the value of doubt o Abelard endes up being martyred Bernard preaches the second crusade o Song of songs is Gods love song to the soul. o Creates language of mystical marriage Aquinas Intro o Universities and Scholastic theology All of this done at the school o In the past, it had been done at Councils. o The Bishops were the great teachers o Now we see a shift and the monks are the great teachers. Thomas Aquinas o Writes Summa Theologea Abelard o Use of reason and use of dialectic. o Extends the Word beyond its meaning Degree structure o Apprentice o Journeyman o Master Study Scholastic Theology Theology is emerging as an academic discipline. Method of the Question o Is there a God or not? o It would then be debated The foundation is disputation Bernard doesnt like it because it is not not experiential enough Lombard wrote Sententiae Aristotles work in the West around 1200. His stuff is now in Latin. o It all fits together and doesnt need Jesus or the Bible o Very threatening. Thomas Aquinas The Early Years o His parents wanted him to become a Benedictine, but he becomes Dominican The Dominican Order o Founded by Dominic (1170-1221) Founder of one of the cathederals o Meeting Cathars (1203) Rival church in southern France Anti-church, rival to Christianity Revival of manacheism Largely led by wandering evangelists, dedicated to poverty Dominic ran into a Cathar running a motel o Pope Innocent III founds the Dominicans o Adopts the lifestyle of the Cathars, but preaches orthodox doctrine. o The entire purpose was to preach Order of Preachers o Very organized Minimum of 12 in every Dominican house Everyone had to receive Theology training Organized internationally into provinces Studies under Albert the Great o Has phases in his life Into Neoplatenism at one phase, into Aristotle at another Gets his Doctorate at U of Paris during his first stint o Becomes Chair of Theology at Paris 1252-1259 o Writes Summa Contra Gentiles...
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Notes - THL 550: History of the Christian Church 25/02/2008...

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