Ch. 10 Outline

Ch. 10 Outline - Ch.10*Relationship Emotion Culture Facial...

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Ch.10 *Relationship: Emotion, Culture, Facial Expression, Body Language -all have many innate features that are similar throughout cultures. There are some individualistic qualities, but we learn a set of display rules through our community and culture that alter the way in which we display our emotions, ect. *James-Lange theory of emotions -you feel emotion after body reacts (first run, then afraid) -event>arousal and physiological changes>interpretation of the physiological changes>emotion -“somatic marker hypothesis”: role of bodily signals in producing emotions -aroused, speedy heart rate, increased breathing>actions produce emotion of fear *Cannon-Bard Theory of emotions -event>arousal and physiological changes AND emotion (simultaneously) -emotions are experienced before arousal -only brain matters -“tandem” *Emerging Synthesis View of Emotion -different brain systems for different broad categories of emotions <-event>brain/body reaction>emotion >memories and interpretations>emotion <-event>memories and interpretation>emotion -some systems independent or dependent on interpretation -fear=amydala=independent -guilt= dependent on cognitive interpretation -emotions arise from: 1)brain body reactions 2) interpretations and memories pertaining to a situation -“core-effect”-simplest raw feelings that differ in degree (positive/negative) or strongly/weakly activated *Facial-Feedback Hypothesis -Definition: the idea that emotions arise partly as a result of the positioning of facial muscles -at least 20 muscles dedicated strictly to facial expression -brain receives feedback when muscles are moved -facial expression prompts conscious experience of emotion -facial expression not the only cause of emotional experience *Areas in the brain regulating emotion -cingulate gyrus -anterior angulate -ventomedial prefrontal cortex: emotional memory -Hypothalamus -amygdala: fear -dorsolateral prefrontal cortex: (right)-withdrawal emotions (left)-approach emotions -orbitofrontal cortex: anticipate emotional events to notice when other people are emotional and to experience emotions subjectively -Insula: registers bodily sensations *Hedonic treadmill
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This note was uploaded on 04/26/2008 for the course PSY 1305 taught by Professor Rowatt during the Spring '07 term at Baylor.

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Ch. 10 Outline - Ch.10*Relationship Emotion Culture Facial...

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