Lecture 1 Women and SexualitySexuality and Social TheorizingTheory: A simple way to....View and organize the world and make since of what happensA framework to understand, explain, predict, or questionsocial behaviors and trends.No single theory can capture the complexity of social phenomena.Theories are often challenged, revised, or rejected. Broad range oftheories about relationship between sexuality and society.Early TheoristsSigmund Freud-Best known for penis envy, castration anxiety,the katipos complex, Electra complex. Less known about Freudis he introduced ideas that shaped contemporaryunderstandings of female sexuality, especially female orgasm.Argued that women have two types of orgasm, vaginal andclitoral. Vaginal as superior orgasm to the clitoral, whichappeared to him as immature or childhood form of sexuality.Freud theorized that healthy psychosexual developmentrequired a transition from vaginal to clitoral orgasm, that isorgasms that could occur through penile vaginal intercoursealone. Women who did not or could not have an orgasmwithout direct clitoral stimulation, this is most women, wereseen as stuck in an earlier stage of psychosexual development.This set the stage for a highly medicalized framework tounderstand female orgasm. Vaginal orgasms remain acontentious topic. Although, self help literature/video aboutfemale orgasm help describe the difference between vaginaland clitoral orgasm providing instructions on how to achievinga vaginal orgasm or the G spot orgasm. Others argue that thereis only one type of orgasm. That some women differ in terms ofwhat it takes to achieve orgasm. Some feminist take a politicalstance towards the topic suggesting that continued focus onvaginal penile intercourse as the source of women’s pleasurerefers to a larger ideology that frames women’s sexuality ashighly dependent upon men. Taking attention away fromfemale sexual empowerment and sexual exploration, andsexual diversity.
Richard Von Krafft-Ebing-Less known outside the field ofsexual studies....Studied and cataloged multitude of differenttypes of sexual behaviors and interests. Psychologists Laterused to label and categorize different sexual behaviors andproclivities as normal, abnormal, healthy or deviant.Havelock Ellis-Also examined the broad range of sexualinterests but had a slightly less judgmental approach towardssexual difference and orientation. Appealing for tolerance andacceptance and defining differences by diversity instead ofdeviances. The tension of how to understand sexual differencescontinues today.Later TheoristsAlfred Kinsey- Published the first book on the sexualbehaviors of women, he examined controversial topicsfemale orgasm, masturbation, and same sex behaviors.