PHIL-1100 Ethics Class Notes

PHIL-1100 Ethics Class Notes - Ethics 1 8/29 Overview of...

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Ethics 1 8/29 - Overview of Philosophy. Greek Philosophers, Socrates, Plato, Aristotle. .. Philosophy defined, The justification of basic beliefs, are they justified, and how so, Are we aware external world? can we know that other humans have minds? Common experience? Justified in believing we are really free, free will of action? Survive bodily death, sole. .? The analysis of fundamental concepts. Discovery of necessary truths, time line problem. The develoment of Systematic overview of a synoptic view, reality as a whole. Brances of Philosophy, Ethics, (Morality and Method) Metaphysics (The Fundamental structures of reality) or Epistemology. (The Nature of knowledge, Evidence, justification.) Ethics, The Study of normative theories of action, right/wrong, good/bad, given situations. Began with Socrates, associated with religion, moral rules regarded as laws, and handed down by a deity. Right and wrong result of divine injunction and prohibitions. Socrates and Aristotle broke with that tradition. Greek Philosophers started the claim the morality could be reached by way of rationality instead of religion. Greek claim, moral truths arrived at by process of rational reflection instead of deity. Should one look to religion for answers to morel questions, or should one turn instead to philosophy? 2 9/5 - Ethics as a Branch of Philosophy. Before Socrates, ethics associated with religion, moral rules, laws handed down by a deity, right and wrong as a mandate og God. Philosophers claim that moral truths can be reached by some process of thought and rational reflection, challenging the idea that moral truths must come from a deity. Begging the question, should look to religion for answers to moral questions or turn to philosophy. The nature of Philosophy. involves 4 main activities. 1. The Justification of Basic human beliefs, concerned with whether human beliefs are justified, and how they are justified. (ie, Are we really aware of an external world, The Matrix, Can humans also have Minds, Decorates, rationality defining human minds, eg animals were only automata, are we justified in believing we are really free, do we really have free will without constraints of any other thing. 2. The Analysis of Fundamental Concepts, Concerned with the clarification and analysis of the fundamental concerpts that enter into basic human beliefs, the concept of physical objects, space and time, of the mind, of consciousness, freedom, right and wrong ect. 3. The Discovery of Necessary Truths. In Science Fiction, travel back in time. Is it logically possible is time travle make logical sense,the mind is the just brain, a
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phsysical process of the brain, the mind and brain the same thing. 4. The Development of Systematic Overview- A Synopttic view- of reality as a
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PHIL-1100 Ethics Class Notes - Ethics 1 8/29 Overview of...

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