Topic▼❑18/29 - Comparative Analysis, State social enviorment.▼❑Elzors classification of states.•❑Based on the kinds of people who originally settled those states (Text book, Political Cultures at a Glance Table 1.2)•❑Moralists, Individualistic,•❑Moralistic, Gov should seek to promote public interests, high tax, provide for the people.•❑Individualistic, Gov just another entity within the state, along with commercial. Professional politics. State may not provide welfare to the poor, personal responsibility of individuals•❑Traditionalistic, Gov should maintain the traditional role of the Gov. Politics left to elite.▼❑Contributes to comparative, which is the best state for Women? However requires defining "Best"•❑high: Vermont, Moralistic, Political opportunities•❑low: Missippi, Traditionalistic, Low Political opertunities, crime, ect.•❑Due to, political culture, women involved in political system, economey, education medical programs,•❑Sociodemographics; Characteristics of a population, size age, ethnicity, size of a population, outcomes on political issues, Welfare, Affirmative Action, Bilingual education. ect.•❑State Economy, Variations in Per Capita Gross Product from $26,000 (MS) to $64,000 (DE). Different priorities in diffrent industries, Fact: Wealther states spend less per capita on higher education. Why?•❑Geography, contributes to policy, enviorments that the local government is required to manage.▼❑28/31 - Devolution and Laboratories for Democracy▼❑Davolution, transfer of power from the federal government to state and local governments, Tradeoff, Increase policy discretion, and autonomy, Decreases federal fin sypport.▼❑Welfare Reform act 1996 TANF, Give states additional ability to choose federal programs, gives the state the ability to choose how to distribute federal program funding.•❑SCHIP, Federal program, admined by federal healthcare, providing funding to state to insure that uninsured chrildern have HC, federal to state, and distrubuted by the state.▼❑Results:•❑Lower levels of individuals on welfare rolls.•❑Race to the bottom, states avoiding providing benifets.•❑Racial and Ethnic Determinants, ie Low benifets in states
where the majority of poor in that state are minorities.▼❑Laboratories for Democracy▼❑Testing policy in the states•❑States allow policy creativity and policy innovation•❑Provide an avenue for policy experimentation before elevated to federal level.•❑Can promote "Diffusion" ok policies, between states and from state level to federal lever, learning about the result of policy changes•❑Federal policy initated in the states, Medicare Reform, Energy Reform, Immigrant Reform.Policy ideas formed at state level, then elevated, or modeled on at the federal state.