Final_Fall_2007 - Department of Theology Religious Studies...

Info icon This preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Department of Theology & Religious Studies St. John’s University 8000 Utopia Parkway Queens, NY 11439 Theology 1000:  Perspectives in Christianity:  A Catholic Approach Final Examination   December 13 th  (2:30 – 4:30 pm) Directions:   All answers should be recorded on the accompanying supplied answer sheet.  While  you may write anything anywhere (i.e., notes) on the question sheet, please avoid making any  extraneous marks on the answer sheet.  Any distracting marks or answers that are illegible will be  presumed incorrect and thus recorded in like fashion.   Only  the answer form needs to be returned to  the instructor when the student is done with the examination.  As what information is needed for  the answer sheet, it is only necessary that you record your name and record your answers.  Exam  grades will be posted on St. John’s University Information System by 5:00 pm this evening,  Thursday 13 December 2007.  No make-up exam is scheduled.
Image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
I. Ecumenical (General) Councils.   Until the fourth century, there was no church structure that really  spoke for everybody.  The solution to this problem was the development of ecumenical councils.  These were universal (or worldwide) gatherings of Christian bishops called to resolve urgent issues  affecting the whole church.  Match the description on the right with the name of the council on the  left it describes.   1. Chalcedon 2. Constantinople  3. Ephesus 4. Lateran IV 5. Nicaea  6. Nicaea II 7. Trent 8. Vatican I 9. Vatican II a. Ecumenical council that affirmed the creed  that is still recited in many Christian churches today and added  clauses about the divinity of the Holy Spirit.  b. Ecumenical council which maintained the true  divinity of the Son (Jesus Christ) against the teaching of Arius. c. Taught that Mary, the mother of Jesus, should  be venerated as  Theotokos  (“Mother of God”).  This safeguarded  the unity of Jesus Christ as one human-divine person. d. Ecumenical council that considered the  question of Christ’s human and divine nature and taught that the  incarnate Jesus Christ possessed a complete human nature and a  complete divine nature united in one person. e. Definition of Trent f. Definition of Vatican I g. Definition of Vatican II h. Definition of Nicaea II i. Dealt with transubstantiation, papal primacy  and conduct of clergy. It said Jews and Muslims should wear a  special dress to enable them to be distinguished from Christians.
Image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern