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Unformatted text preview: Department of Theology & Religious Studies St. John’s University 8000 Utopia Parkway Queens, NY 11439 Theology 1000: Perspectives in Christianity: A Catholic Approach Final Examination December 13 th (2:30 – 4:30 pm) Directions: All answers should be recorded on the accompanying supplied answer sheet. While you may write anything anywhere (i.e., notes) on the question sheet, please avoid making any extraneous marks on the answer sheet. Any distracting marks or answers that are illegible will be presumed incorrect and thus recorded in like fashion. Only the answer form needs to be returned to the instructor when the student is done with the examination. As what information is needed for the answer sheet, it is only necessary that you record your name and record your answers. Exam grades will be posted on St. John’s University Information System by 5:00 pm this evening, Thursday 13 December 2007. No make-up exam is scheduled. I. Ecumenical (General) Councils. Until the fourth century, there was no church structure that really spoke for everybody. The solution to this problem was the development of ecumenical councils. These were universal (or worldwide) gatherings of Christian bishops called to resolve urgent issues affecting the whole church. Match the description on the right with the name of the council on the left it describes. 1. Chalcedon 2. Constantinople 3. Ephesus 4. Lateran IV 5. Nicaea 6. Nicaea II 7. Trent 8. Vatican I 9. Vatican II a. Ecumenical council that affirmed the creed that is still recited in many Christian churches today and added clauses about the divinity of the Holy Spirit. b. Ecumenical council which maintained the true divinity of the Son (Jesus Christ) against the teaching of Arius. c. Taught that Mary, the mother of Jesus, should be venerated as Theotokos (“Mother of God”). This safeguarded the unity of Jesus Christ as one human-divine person. d. Ecumenical council that considered the question of Christ’s human and divine nature and taught that the incarnate Jesus Christ possessed a complete human nature and a complete divine nature united in one person. e. Definition of Trent f. Definition of Vatican I g. Definition of Vatican II h. Definition of Nicaea II i. Dealt with transubstantiation, papal primacy and conduct of clergy. It said Jews and Muslims should wear a special dress to enable them to be distinguished from Christians....
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