Study Guide for Lifespan Final Exam Development Fall 2007
Term for larger cultural influences according to the bioecological
: Provides connections between the various aspects of the microsystem.
Links in a chain, mesosytem
binds children to parents, students to teachers, employees
to bosses, friends to friends. Acknowledges the direct and indirect influences that bind
us to one another such as those that affect a mother or father who has a bad day at the
office and is short tempered with her or his son or daughter at home.
: Reps a broader influences, encompassing societal institutions such as local
gov, the community, schools, places of worship, and the local media. Each of these
larger institutions of society can have an immediate, and major impact on personal
development, and each affects how the microsystem and mesosystem operate. For
example, the quality of a school will affect a child’s cognitive development and
potentially can have long-term consequences.
: Represents larger cultural influences on an individual. Society in general,
types of gov., religious and political value systems, and other broad, encompassing
: underlies each of the previous systems. It involves the way the passage
of time including historical events (terrorist attacks) and more gradual historical changes
and affect children’s development.
The relationship of race to ethnicity
Race is a biological concept, which should be employed to refer to classifications based
on physical and structural characteristics of species. Ethnic group and ethnicity are
broader terms, referring to cultural background, nationality, religion, and language.
Race has reached to inappropriate levels ranging from skin color to religion to culture.
Exceedingly imprecise, between 3 and 300 races and no race is genetically distinct.
The difference between normative and non-normative life events
Non-normative life events:
are specific, atypical events that occur in a particular
person’s life at a time when such events do not happen to most people. Example, a child
whose parents die in an automobile accident when she is six years old has experienced a
significant non-normative life event.
Normative life events
: are what they are…normal events in a life
The relationship of nature to nurture
: refers to traits, abilities, and capacities that are inherited from one’s parents. It
encompasses any factor that is produced by the predetermined unfolding of genetic
information called maturation. Genetic, inherited influences.
: refers to the environmental influences that shape behavior. Some of these
influences may be biological, such as the impact of a pregnant mother’s use of cocaine
on her unborn child or the amount and kind of food available to children.