Humanistic Psychology - Review Guide #3

Humanistic Psychology - Review Guide #3 - Psych. 2000 -...

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Psych. 2000 -- Humanistic Psychology Exam 3 Guide Abraham Maslow’s The Farther Reaches of Human Nature (pp. 24-68, 270-286) General Overview : Differences from Rogers (not as therapeutically oriented, more emphasis on motivation, also personality) . Like Rogers, a big emphasis on personal (know what it is and how it works, physiological vs. psychological vs. self-actualization needs), peak experiences. B-needs vs. D-needs (being vs. deficiency), Ch. 2 : “pathology” in terms of a way of being, rather than medical model (know generally what the medical model is). Maslow’s alternative: Blockages to full humanness. Problems with the medical model: tends to be dehumanizing (people reduced to symptoms, test results, etc., at the expense of their deep and unique humanity). Too normalizing (“averageness is the best we can expect…” normality as a form of shared crippling. Neurosis as hopeful. Continuum between “Diminution of humanness” and “Full humanness” (generally what this looks like, although you don’t need to memorize all of the specific characteristics). The Jonah Complex (generally what it is), counter- valuing, ambivalence about greatness, talent, etc. Fear of responsibility, fear of rejection, fear of seeming arrogant (know Maslow’s position on this), greatness as inherently overwhelming, fear of losing control, annihilation. Solving the Jonah complex as involving becoming aware of one’s counter-valuing, embracing the B-values (you don’t need to memorize all of these -- just get the general picture). Ch. 3: Self-actualization as embodying selflessness, as well as engagement with others. Vocation/calling vs. job, individuality as being both oneself and engaged in the world. “Behaviors leading to Self-actualization” (for this, just get the main gist of each one; the order is not important): experiencing fully, growth choices vs. fear choices, paying attention to one’s inner voice, honesty with oneself, sense for destiny, openness to the moment, not just will-power, involves some pain. Desacralization vs. Resacralization (know what these are)
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Humanistic Psychology - Review Guide #3 - Psych. 2000 -...

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