Psych. 2000 -- Humanistic Psychology Exam 3 Guide
The Farther Reaches of Human Nature
(pp. 24-68, 270-286)
: Differences from Rogers (not as therapeutically oriented, more
emphasis on motivation, also personality)
. Like Rogers, a big emphasis on personal
(know what it is and how it works, physiological vs. psychological vs. self-actualization
peak experiences. B-needs vs. D-needs (being vs. deficiency),
: “pathology” in terms of a way of being, rather than medical model (know
generally what the medical model is). Maslow’s alternative: Blockages to full
humanness. Problems with the medical model: tends to be dehumanizing (people reduced
to symptoms, test results, etc., at the expense of their deep and unique humanity). Too
normalizing (“averageness is the best we can expect…” normality as a form of shared
crippling. Neurosis as hopeful. Continuum between “Diminution of humanness” and
“Full humanness” (generally what this looks like, although you don’t need to memorize
all of the specific characteristics). The Jonah Complex
(generally what it is), counter-
valuing, ambivalence about greatness, talent, etc. Fear of responsibility, fear of rejection,
fear of seeming arrogant (know Maslow’s position on this), greatness as inherently
overwhelming, fear of losing control, annihilation. Solving the Jonah complex as
involving becoming aware of one’s counter-valuing, embracing the B-values (you don’t
need to memorize all of these -- just get the general picture).
Self-actualization as embodying selflessness, as well as engagement with others.
Vocation/calling vs. job, individuality as being both oneself and engaged in the world.
“Behaviors leading to Self-actualization” (for this, just get the main gist of each one; the
order is not important): experiencing fully, growth choices vs. fear choices, paying
attention to one’s inner voice, honesty with oneself, sense for destiny, openness to the
moment, not just will-power, involves some pain.
Desacralization vs. Resacralization (know what these are)