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Descrates - Meditations on First Philosophy

Descrates - Meditations on First Philosophy - Ren...

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René Descartes (1596-1650) Meditations on First Philosophy
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1. Introduction A. Brief Biography B. Historical Context C. Overview of Meditations on the First Philosophy
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2. Meditation I (What can be called into doubt) Starting from scratch Doubt as a method for clearing
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Dream Argument Objections and Replies
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3. Meditation II (The nature of the human mind and how it is better known than the body) Remark on hyperbolic doubt Interiority of though vs the exteriority of senses Doubt reveals thinking substance ( res cogitans ) Doubt reveals material substance ( res extensia )
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4. Meditation III (The existence of God) Rule of thought: whatever we perceive clearly and distinctly is true Must prove the existence of God to remove doubt Kinds of thoughts Images of things (ideas) That have objects
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Acquisition of ideas Descartes’ proof of god (usually identified as an ontological argument: but with the emphasis on causes if ideas, this is actually a cosmological argument) Could ‘I’ exist if God does not exist?
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5. Meditation IV (Truth and Falsity) God, mind, body. Clear and distinct idea of each of these things (from most to least). Very little is really known of corporeal things. Through God, can know extended things. God doesn’t deceive I have god-given faculty to judge.
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