Introduction To Philosophy - What Is Philosophy?

Introduction To Philosophy - What Is Philosophy? -...

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Introduction Course Overview
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What is philosophy? (With acknowledgments to Wikipedia and Citizendium and their entries on philosophy, from which this is largely taken and very modestly adapted.) Philosophy, both the field and the concept, is notoriously hard to define. The Greek word was philosophia (υιλοσουία), meaning "love of wisdom". ("Philo-" comes from the Greek word philein , meaning to love, and "-sophy" comes from sophia , or wisdom.) The word philosophos (υιλόσουος) was first used by Pythagoras (~550BCE) to distinguish himself as a seeker of wisdom from those who thought of themselves as the wise ( sophos ; σουός). Originally philosophy’s scope included all fields of study except for history, the arts, and professional disciplines such as law; as recently as the nineteenth century, what we now call "science" was called "natural philosophy." In the last two centuries in particular, however, "philosophy" has come to mean an especially abstract, nonexperimental intellectual endeavor.
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