Plato - Introduction to Plato & Euthyphro

Plato - Introduction to Plato & Euthyphro - Plato:...

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Plato: Introduction Euthyphro (pp 44-60)
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Introduction • Socrates (469BC – 399BC) – Plato’s teacher – Peripatetic philosopher (Agora) – How should one live? – Dialectic and Socratic Method: Question and Answer • Elenchus: Pointing out inconsistencies and refuting/denying claims. What is X? Seeks a definition of the essence of X. Ruling out an answer advances the question.
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• Socrates (cont’d) – Socratic irony: Socrates claims ignorance and flatters his interlocutors. But really, he seeks truth and wishes to demonstrate the limitations of our knowledge claims and to strengthen them. – Arete: virtue or excellence • Knowledge of the good is necessary and sufficient for virtue. We can do no wrong intentionally (only out of ignorance). • The virtues are unified – if one is just, then one is courageous, magnanimous, etc. • No higher good than virtue and the virtuous person is the happiest person.
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• Socrates (cont’d) – Sentenced to death for corrupting the youth
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This note was uploaded on 04/27/2008 for the course PHIL 2100 taught by Professor Marenda during the Fall '08 term at University of West Georgia.

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Plato - Introduction to Plato & Euthyphro - Plato:...

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