100%(1)1 out of 1 people found this document helpful
This preview shows page 1 - 3 out of 9 pages.
MODULE ONEFOUNDATIONS OF LEADERSHIPDEVELOPMENT AND MENTORSHIPSessionOne:FoundationsofLeadershipDevelopment and MentorshipConcepts in LeadershipSession ObjectivesBy the end of this lesson, you should be able to:a) Define the key terms in leadership;b) Distinguish between Leadership Development and Mentorship;c) Explain the sources of power available to leadersDefinition of Key Terms in LeadershipLeadershipis the process of directing the behaviour of others towards accomplishment of objectives(Samuel Certo). It is the art or process of influencing people so that they strive willingly andenthusiastically towards the achievement of group goals (Koontz & Weihrich, 2004). It enables peopleto work with zeal and confidence as the leaders facilitate progress and inspire groups to accomplishorganizational goals.Northouse (2003) defines leadership as a process in which an individual influences a group to achievecommon goals. Itinvolves influence,implying that a leader affects and is affected by followers in aninteractive process. Therefore,leadership occurs in groupssuch as small task groups, departments, orentire organizations and involves attention to goals i.e. a context in which individuals are movingtowards set goals together.1.4 Leadership Development and MentorshipLeadership is similar to management in various ways as both involve influencing and working withpeople and are concerned with effective goal accomplishment. However, leadership is also differentfrom management. The primary function of management in an organization is to provide order andconsistency whereas leadership is to produce change and growth of the organization. D’Souza (2004)compares management and leadership as follows:ManagementLeadershipEffective and efficient management creates order &stability using rules and proceduresLeadershipproducesconstructivechangebyproviding vision & setting strategies for changeAccomplishes activities, master routines, structure,and placementsCommunicatinggoals,seekingcommitment,building teams & coalitions
Establishes unidirectional authority relationship:coordinates activities to have the job done & worksthrough subordinatesMultidirectional influence relationship: developingmutual purpose & working together with followers toadapt to changeLeadership and PowerPoweris the capacity or potential to influence others’beliefs, attitudes, and courses of action. Leadersderive power from their position or the expertise they possess e.g. ministers, doctors, teachers, lawyers,coaches and university professors are respected for their special knowledge.There are three types of power available to the leader:Referent power- influence that leaders may exercise because people believe in them and theirideas e.g. movie stars or military heroes.