Sexual Coercion - Sexual Coercion Harassment Aggression and Abuse What Is Sexual Harassment Sexual harassment is a form of sex discrimination that

Sexual Coercion - Sexual Coercion Harassment Aggression and...

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Sexual Coercion: Harassment, Aggression, and Abuse
What Is Sexual Harassment? Sexual harassment is a form of sex discrimination that violates Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) guidelines define sexual harassment as: 1. Unwelcome sexual advances 2. Requests for sexual favors 3. Other verbal or physical conduct of a sexual nature when this conduct:
What Is Sexual Harassment? a) Explicitly or implicitly affects an individual’s employment b) Unreasonably interferes with an individuals work performance c) Creates an intimidating, hostile or offensive work environment
Examples of Sexual Harassment 1. Verbally harassing or abusing someone 2. Exerting subtle pressure for sexual activity 3. Making remarks about a person’s clothing, body, or sexual activities 4. Leering at or ogling a person’s body 5. Engaging in unwelcome touching, patting, or pinching 6. Brushing against a person’s body
Examples of Sexual Harassment 7. Making demands for sexual behaviors 8. Stalking - One type of harassment that may not involve sexual harassment Defined as a course of action that would cause a reasonable person to feel fear
Behaviors Considered to be Sexual Harassment Quid pro quo - when a person with power communicates that sexual favors are expected in return for employment, promotion, raises, grades, etc. Creation of hostile enviroment - being subjected to unwanted sexual remarks, pictures, or sexually degrading employment policies
Behaviors Considered to be Sexual Harassment Aggressive acts - include unwanted touching, fondling, etc. all the way to sexual assault Third party effects - when a sexual relationship between two people has a negative effect upon other individuals, or third parties, such as co- workers
Flirtation versus Harassment Whether flirtation is sexual harassment depends on 3 factors: 1) whether you equal power 2) whether you are approached appropriately 3) whether you wish to continue contact Different cultural expectations lead to misinterpretation Men and women perceive actions differently
Sexual Harassment in the Workplace 1. One in three women between the ages of 18-34 years has been sexually harassed at work a) 81% experience harassment in verbal form b) 44% encountered unwanted touching and sexual advances c) 25% received lewd texts or emails 2. 29% of women reported the harassment; 71% did not report it 3. Fields with the highest levels of reported sexual harassment
Sexual Harassment in the Workplace a) 42% - Food/Service Hospitatlity b) 36% - Retail c) 31% - Arts and Entertainment d) 30% - Legal 4. Fields with the lowest levels of reported sexual harassment a) 23% - Education b) 21% - Medical/Health Care
Sexual Harassment in the Workplace 5. Men file 17.5% of sexual harassment charges 6. Probably the strongest predictor for sexual harassment in a workplace is whether there is widespread tolerance for this kind of treatment
Sexual Aggression Principal motives are power and violence Sexual assault 1. A general term that includes any forced or unwanted

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