Final Exam Study Guide ANS

Final Exam Study Guide ANS - FINAL STUDY GUIDE-PSYCHOLOGY...

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FINAL STUDY GUIDE-PSYCHOLOGY 101 Personality 1 Which of the following helps define the term personality? A) characteristics that are typical for a person B) characteristics that make a person unique C) acting, thinking, and feeling D) all of the above 2 Allport calls the traits that influence and organize much of our behavior A) cardinal traits B) central traits C) secondary traits D) source traits 3 According to Freud, which part of the mind is composed mainly of life and death instincts? A) id B) ego C) superego D) none of these 4 Each of the following is considered to be one of the "big five" personality traits except A) neuroticism B) extraversion C) conscientiousness D) friendliness 5 According to Freud, primitive instinctual motives and repressed memories are stored in the A) conscious mind B) preconscious mind C) unconscious mind D) superego 1
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6 According to Freud, information that you are not currently aware of that can be easily recalled into awareness resides in which part of the mind? A) preconscious B) conscious C) unconscious D) subconscious 7 The executive of the personality, which operates according to the reality principle, is the A) id B) ego C) superego D) none of the above 8 According to Freud, which part of the mind is dominated by the pleasure principle? A) the id B) the ego C) superego D) the superid 9 According to Freud, which part of the mind corresponds roughly to conscience? A) the id B) the ego C) the superego D) the superid 10 All of the following are examples of sublimation except A) competing in contact sports B) robbing a bank C) painting nude portraits D) competing in business 11 To prevent itself from being overwhelmed by excessive demands from the id and superego, the ego relies on 2
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A) the Oedipus complex B) defense mechanisms C) the reality principle D) the pleasure principle 12 According to Jung, the unconscious mind with which all humans are born is called the A) innate id B) collective unconscious C) collective superego D) electra complex 13 According to Adler, to develop a healthy personality it is necessary to learn to express A) the social interest B) the selfish interest C) the superego D) sexual and aggressive motives 14 According to Karen Horney A) Anxious insecurity is the source of all conflicts. B) Self-actualization is a basic human motive. C) Conflict is the inevitable result of the inborn motives of the id. D) We each possess both a personal unconscious and a collective unconscious. 15 To the social learning theorist, each of the following processes is important in the development of personality except A) classical conditioning B) operant conditioning C) modeling D) feelings of inferiority 16 According to Bandura, self-efficacy and self-regulation emphasize the importance of what determinant of behavior?
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