Gribanov Test 3
1. What discovery in physics changed the course of history on the eve of World War 2?
Discovery of nuclear fusion by the germans in 1938.
2. What events in Europe, between 1936 and 1939 facilitated the beginning of the WWII (what,
The Italian economy also fell into a deep slump following World War I. 1914's Red Week had
expanded into the post-war Biennio rosso, and many were gravely worried that a Bolshevik-style
communist revolution was imminent.
After several liberal governments failed to rein in these threats, and the fascists had increased
their public profile by highly visible punishment expeditions to supposedly crush the socialist
threat, King Victor Emmanuel III of Italy invited Benito Mussolini to form a government on
October 29, 1922. The fascists maintained an armed paramilitary wing, which they employed to
fight anarchists, communists, and socialists.
Within a few years, Mussolini had consolidated dictatorial power, and Italy became a police
state. On January 7, 1935, he and French Foreign Minister Pierre Laval signed the Franco–
Italian Agreement giving him a free hand in the Abyssinia Crisis with Ethiopia, in return for an
alliance against Hitler. There was little international protest. He then sent large numbers of
troops to Eritrea and Italian Somaliland, the two colonies of Italy that bordered Ethiopia.
Britain attempted to broker peace but failed; Mussolini was bent on conquest. Britain then
declared an arms embargo on both Italy and Ethiopia. Britain also cleared its warships from the
Mediterranean, further allowing Italy unhindered access. Shortly after the League of Nations
exonerated both parties in the Walwal incident, Italy attacked Ethiopia, resulting in the Second
Shortly after Italy conquered Ethiopia, the Spanish Civil War began. During the Spanish Civil
War, seen by many as a testing ground for the Second World War, he provided troops, weapons
and other aid to Francisco Franco's nationalists.
On April 7 1939, Italy invaded Albania, after short campaign Albania was occupied and joined
Italy in personal union.
Spanish Civil War
While many nations refused to become involved in the Spanish Civil War, notably Britain and
France, troops were sent by both Hitler and Mussolini to aid the Spanish nationalists, which
included those with fascist leanings. It would prove to be a precursor to many of the tactics and
methods employed in the Second World War, such as the test bombing of Guernica, which aimed
to see how effective the Blitz would be. Spain was neutral during World War II, but the division
during the civil war of fascism (Germany and Italy) versus democracy (many volunteers joined