Contemporary Approaches to Student Learning and Assessment

Contemporary Approaches to Student Learning and Assessment...

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Contemporary Approaches to Student Learning and Assessment Methods of Instruction DIRECT INSTRUCTION CONTRUCTIVIST APPROACHES Cognitive Constructivist Approaches Social Constructivist Approaches Promoting self-efficacy Method of Assessment. ..grading Intrinsic vs Extrinsic motivation for learning INTERNAL vs EXTERNAL Intrinsic motivation is when people engage in an activity, without obvious external incentives, such as a hobby. Intrinsic motivation has been studied by educational psychologists since the 1970s, and numerous studies have found it to be associated with high educational achievement and enjoyment by students. There is currently no universal theory to explain the origin or elements of intrinsic motivation, and most explanations combine elements of Bernard Weiner's attribution theory, Bandura's work on self-efficacy and other studies relating to locus of control and goal orientation. Thus it is thought that students are more likely to be intrinsically motivated if they: Attribute their educational results to internal factors that they can control (e.g. the amount of effort they put in), Believe they can be effective agents in reaching desired goals (i.e. the results are not determined by dumb luck), Are interested in mastering a topic, rather than just rote-learning to achieve good grades. Note that the idea of reward for achievement is absent from this model of intrinsic motivation, since rewards are an extrinsic factor. In knowledge-sharing communities and organizations, people often cite altruistic
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This note was uploaded on 04/26/2008 for the course PSYC 2034 taught by Professor Jcdunsmore during the Fall '07 term at Virginia Tech.

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Contemporary Approaches to Student Learning and Assessment...

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