Psych 135 - MT2 Terms Defined

Psych 135 - MT2 Terms Defined - Chapter 9 Prejudice - ,...

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Chapter 9 Prejudice – - , negative pre-judgment (a little more specific) Stereotype – + / -, accurate or inaccurate beliefs about a group. hard to change (generalized beliefs, not always negative) Discrimination – - , negative action/behavior against a group/person, and unjustified. Racism – an individual’s prejudicial attitudes and discriminatory behavior toward people of a given race; or institutional practices (even if not motivated by prejudice) that subordinate people of a given race. Sexism – an individual’s prejudicial attitudes and discriminatory behavior toward people of a given sex; or institutional practices (even if not motivated by prejudice) that subordinate people of a given sex. Ethnocentric – believing in the superiority of one’s own ethnic and cultural group, and giving a corresponding disdain for all other groups. Authoritarian person – “equal opportunity bigots”, Realistic Group Conflict theory – the theory that prejudice arises from competition between groups for scarce resources. Social Identity – the “we” aspect of our self-concept; the part of our answer to “who am I?” that comes from our group. Social Identity theory –feeling superior to others; categorizing ourselves and others; identifying w/ ingroup; comparing our groups with other groups. Ingroup – “us”; a group of people who share a sense of belonging, a feeling of common identity. Outgroup – “them”; a group that people perceive as distinctively different from or apart from their ingroup. Ingroup Bias – tendency to favor one’s own group. Defining who you are also defines who you are not. Group Serving Bias – explaining away outgroup members’ positive behaviors; also attributing negative behaviors to their dispositions (while excusing such behavior by one’s own group). Just-world Phenomenon –
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Psych 135 - MT2 Terms Defined - Chapter 9 Prejudice - ,...

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