StudyGuide_1[1] - ANTHROPOLOGY 1003 QUIZ #1 STUDY GUIDE...

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ANTHROPOLOGY 1003 QUIZ #1 STUDY GUIDE Everything you need to know to ace the Midterm(almost) Develop an active knowledge of these terms--be able to define them. PART I. INTRODUCTION, CULTURAL ANTHROPOLOGY AND LINGUISTICS TERMS: 1. The four sub-fields of anthropology – Ethnology, Archaeology, linguistics, and Physical Anth 2. Anthropology (define it). Is it a science or a humanity? The study of material remains, usually from the past, to describe and explain human behavior. Epistomolgy- philosophies of knowledge 3. Ethnography vs. ethnology Ethnography – detailed description of a particular culture primarily based on field work. Ethnology – use of ethnographies to develop anth theories. 4. Participant observation – a technique of ethnologies using observation and interviews. 5. Hypothesis vs. theory Theory – an explanation of phenomena supported by a reliable body of data. Hypothesis – a tentative explanation of the relation b/w certain phenomena. 6. Holistic perspective – various parts of culture must be viewed in the broadest possible context in order to understand their interconnections and interdependence. 7. Applied anthropology – use of anth knowledge and methods to solve practical problems. 8. Culture (three kinds of definitions) Core – cultural features that are fundamental in a society’s way of making its living Type – view of a culture in terms of the relation of it’s particular technology to the environment exploited by that technology. Area – geopgraphic region in which a number of societies follow similar patterns of life. 9. Culture Bound – theories about the world an reality based on the assumptions and values of one’s own culture. 10. Plural(istic) society and subculture – a cociety in which two or more ethnic groups or nationalities are politically organized into one territorial state but maintain their cultural differences. 11. Sex vs. gender Sex – biologically founded. Gender – a socially-constructed notion of what is feminine and what is masculine 12. Society vs. social structure 13. Cultural relativism – the thesis that one must suspend judgment of other people’s ideas and practices in order to understand them in their own cultural terms. 14. Enculturation – social learning process by which a society’s culture is acquired by those who are born into it as well as those who become members of that society in other ways. 15. Ethnocentrism – belief that the ways of one’s own culture are the only proper ones. 16. Humanism/existential – belief that culture does not exist as cognitive patterns in our minds, but that it
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This note was uploaded on 04/25/2008 for the course V 001 taught by Professor Staff during the Fall '05 term at NYU.

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StudyGuide_1[1] - ANTHROPOLOGY 1003 QUIZ #1 STUDY GUIDE...

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