Anthropology 2

Anthropology 2 - Globalization The Global Village Connected...

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Globalization – The Global Village Connected with economy Connected with the social and political aspects of life - The boundaries are no longer their. - Through trades and economy flow; and not have trade barriers and tax However, It can also refer to… Movements of labor and knowledge across border - you don’t have to do business in one place; instead of dealing with high pay rates, you can move your business - culture will not exist because everyone will be like one another because of language and ethic barriers are gone. No Means more sources of labor and knowledge for us to tap into. - everyone wants to keep their independent and are scared of losing identity But World has become more segregated. - respond to globalization very threatening and can change their way of life and just turn their world upside down All cultures have no become one. - the field of cultural anthropology will cease to exist Global Village Marshall McLuhan – Mass Communications - Communications systems like e-mail and the world wide web will cause the world to become a small tightly knit community Process of Cultural Change - Diffusion - Acculturation and - Invention Ralph Linton - Only 10% of all things found in culture actually originated in that culture. - I.E. 90% of culture items, ideas, etc come from elsewhere through diffusion. o A important concept to learn
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Diffusion - People often pick and choose what aspect of a culture they want to adopt. o Didn’t have a contract and worked on a per hour basic o Instead of a 40 hour work week - Eg. South America timber harvesting company. o Are bitches - Pizza, McDonalds o It changes from an Italy pie, to an American food. o Adpot to culture Barriers to cultural change - culture boundary Maintenance - Distinguishes people of one group from another group Clothes, food, language - for poor countries to become rich they need to adopt ways of working and living of the rich countries o The culture does not allow you to be rich. And the only want to do it is to copy that way of life. o Being modern is good; and by being modern is being rich Oscar Lewis 1996 - Culture is the reason some nations are poor - Culture is passed on from generation to generation and so children also learn to how to be poor. - Blames the poor for being poor. o The culture poverty; and some communities are staying the same, and culture is learned and passed down, either from oral traditions or just passed down. World System Theory - Nations are rich or poor on the basics of their action and how they go about acquiring wealth o Now can use the power and wealth and helping their country move forward in order to kick some butt. - Wealthy countries are wealthy because they exploit other nations and people and use these people as cheap labor.
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Wallerstein - Core o There is a bull eye and the center of all wealth, decision making, and all power concentrated - Semi – periphery o Countries that use labor and technology, not cheap but not rich either - Periphery o Countries that are poor and don’t have wealth or technology and don’t
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Anthropology 2 - Globalization The Global Village Connected...

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