Test #1 Review Terms
4 elements of music: Sound, pitch, duration, amplitude.
String, woodwinds, brass, and percussion. [Keyboard]
Scientific Classification: Sachs-Hornbostel system; Aerophones, Chordophones,
3 Categories of Chordophones: Violin, Violoncello, Double Bass
Double Stopping: Playing two strings at once
Triple Stopping: Playing three strings at once
Pizzicato: Plucked strings
Glissando: Rapid succession of notes in a scale like pattern
Bowing: Using a bow for a chordophone.
Harmonics: example: a 1
and a 3
sounded at once.
Mute: A device used to dampen the sound of certain instruments
Vibrato: A very slight fluctuation of a pitch or a note
Tremolo: The rapid repetition of a single note
Trill: rapid alternation between two or three tones
Legato: Smooth and connected
Staccato: Short, plucked sounding
Modern String Instruments: Violin, Viola, Cello, Contrabass
Modern Woodwinds: Flute, Piccolo, oboe, clarinet
Modern Brass: Trumpet, French horn, Trombone, Tuba
Modern Percussion: Timpani, Xylophone, Snare Drum, Tambourine
Embouchure: The entire oral mechanism of lips, lower facial muscles, and jaw.