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Unformatted text preview: 8-29Abnormal psychology: The field devoted to the scientific study of abnormal behavior to describe, predict, explain, and change abnormal patterns of functioning.Independent Medical Evaluation (I.M.E.)Independent statusReview of medical recordsInterviewTestingCollateral contactsSpecific interrogatives (specific questions to answer about patient). E.g Has a psychological injury been sustained, is any treatment needed? Must be answered to a reasonable degree of scientific certainty >50%8-31What is abnormal? Deviance Different, extreme, unusual (BUT depends of social context, norms)Distress Unpleasant and upsetting (not always the case aka antisocial disorder)Dysfunction interferes with daily functionsDanger risk of harm to self or othersHOWEVER criteria is always vagueThomas Szas:argues about problems of living, saying that societies use the concept of mental illness to control those who threaten social order.Even if agreeing on concepts, they are applied inconsistently:Diagnosis of alcohol problems in collegeAbnormal vs. eccentric?Treatment: Once abnormality is determined is a procedure designed to change abnormal behavior into more normal behaviorAll forms of therapy have three essential features (Frank):Sufferer who hopes for reliefA trained, socially accepted healer who is accepted by the suffererA series of healing contacts between the healer and the suffererTodays Leading Theories and Professions are picked and chosen from among therapists9/3Treatment in the pastTodays thinking is built upon past approaches and ideasTheories and themes occur again and again, progress is not steady progressInclusive Pedagogy (including different constructs of teaching)Text review is Eurocentric and incompleteThere is growing acceptance of Eastern approaches of psychopathologyExample: Buddhist psychology embraces (doesnt try to change) adverse feelings to promote spiritual relationshipsAncient: Regarded as work of evil spirits (trephination, exorcism)Greek:Four biles made personalitiesMiddle Ages:Rise of religion downplayed science and abnormality again seen as good vs. evil conflictRenaissance:Asylums rose, shrines devoted to care of mentally ill established but were overcrowded and became virtual prisons. Gheelbecame a community mental health program19thCentury: Asylums reformed into places of care (advocated by Pinel and Tuke) and treatment improvedEnd of 19thcentury: Moral treatment reversed because ofMoney/staff shortagesDeclining recovery ratesLack of effective treatment for severely illLong-term hospitalization again became normEarly 20thcentury dual perspectivesSomatogenic perspectiveoPhysical factors are responsible for mental dysfunctionoBiological discoveries were made (link between untreated syphilis and general paresis)oCreated optimism but lead to few results until 1950s, when effective...
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This note was uploaded on 04/25/2008 for the course PSYC 486 taught by Professor Breitenstein during the Spring '08 term at Luther.
- Spring '08
- Abnormal Psychology