E THICS AND S OCIETY : A RISTOTELIAN E THICS P HILOSOPHY 150: H ANDOUT 7 Rosalind Hursthouse’s “Virtue Theory and Abortion”: Part I—Framework of Moral Theories 1. For Kantian ethics (deontological theory), there is a link between right action and moral rules , and then between moral rules and rationality . 2. For utilitarianism, there is a link between right action and consequences , and then between consequences and happiness . 3. For Aristotelian ethics (virtue theory), there is a link between right action and the virtuous person , and then between the virtuous person and Happiness ( eudaimonia ). Rosalind Hursthouse’s “Virtue Theory and Abortion”: Part II—Criticisms of Virtue Theory 4. Misplaced Criticisms a. Problem of defining eudaimonia —Hursthouse responds by saying that defining rationality and happiness is just as difficult as defining eudaimonia . b. Problem of vicious circularity (that is, virtue theory is supposed to specify right action in terms of the virtuous person, and then immediately to specify the virtuous person in terms of right action)—Hursthouse responds by saying that this is not true; virtue theory characterizes the virtuous person in terms of
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