General_Psychology_Study_guide_1_spring_08 - Resting...

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General Psychology Examination I Study Guide Chapters 1-3 Note: Studying only the definitions of the terms below may not be enough to help you to prepare for the exam. You should be able to apply what you know to hypothetical situations. This study guide is meant to help you focus your studying effort. At the same time, any material covered in class or in the text is considered important and could be covered on the examination. What is psychology? What are the four goals of psychology? What are the differences between functionalism, structuralism, psychoanalysis, and gestalt psychology? Who was Sigmund Freud? Know the following terms: Hypothesis Correlation (positive and negative) Experiment Control group Placebo effect Confound Random assignment Independent and dependent variables Operational definition Naturalistic observation Observer bias Case study Survey Representative sample Neuron Glial cell Myelin Dendrites, soma, axon
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Unformatted text preview: Resting potential vs. action potential Synaptic gap Synaptic vesicles Reuptake Neurotransmitters Central nervous system Peripheral nervous system (know the divisions of the peripheral nervous system) Sympathetic vs. parasympathetic nervous system MRI, fMRI, EEG, PET scan Medulla, pons, reticular formation and cerebellum (what are their functions?) Thalamus, amygdala, hippocampus, and hypothalamus (what are their functions?) Corpus callosum Functions that are controlled by right brain vs. left brain Sensory Adaptation Saccades Cornea, pupil, iris, and lens Rods vs. cones Opponent process theory vs. trichromatic theory of color Five basic tastes Skin senses What is the difference between sensation and perception? Figure-ground relationships Gestalt principles (similarity, proximity, continuity, closure) Linear perspective Depth perception...
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General_Psychology_Study_guide_1_spring_08 - Resting...

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