EDCI 2700- Test 1 Notes - EDCI 2700 Chapter 1 In the beginning At the close of the 18th century in France procedures for educating children with sensory

EDCI 2700- Test 1 Notes - EDCI 2700 Chapter 1 In the...

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EDCI 2700- Chapter 1 09/08/2015 ° In the beginning At the close of the 18 th century in France procedures for educating children with sensory impairments (blind, deaf) had been developed. Early 19 th century saw the first attempts made to educate “idiots” and the “insane” children now believed to be those when had mental retardation and who were emotionally or behaviorally discorded. A new attitude was forming in America and France. Leading reformers in medicine and education began purporting that children and adults with disabilities should be taught skills that would allow them to become independent, productive citizens. ° Who’s Who in Special Education Jean Marc Gaspard Itard (1775-1838) o French physician who was noted for his knowledge of diseases of the ear and on educating students who were dead. He became know for educating the “wild boy.” His interventions dramatically improved this child’s behavior. Philippe Pinel (1745-1826) o This French physician was a mentor to Itard. He was an advocated of humane treatment of the “insane.” He taught itard was wasting time with the Wild Boy. Eduard Seguin (1812-1880) o He was a student of Itard. He immigrated to the US in 1848. He was noted as an educator of idiotic children. Their contributions: o Individualized introductions o Carefully sequenced series of educational tasks o Emphasis on stimulation o Meticulous arrangement of the children’s environment o Immediate reward for correct performance o Tutoring and functional skills o Belief that every child should be educated to the greatest extent possible ° American contributors
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Samuel Gridley Howe (1801-1876) o He was a graduate of Harvard Medical School. He was founded in Perkins School for the Blind in Watertown. MA, and taught who were deaf and blind. He achieved success in teaching Laura Bridgeman who was deaf and blind, greatly influencing the education of Helen Keller Thomas Hopkins Gallaudet (1787-1851) o He was a ministers who attempted to teach a girl who was deaf. He established, in 1817, the first residential school in America for students who were deaf in Hartford, CT (now known as the American School for the Deaf) Gallaudet University in Washington DC, was named in his honor. ° Class activity Know: o Services are different based on need o Patience o Depending on security, life skills may be focus o Have IEPs o In school until 21 o Understanding how child learns best Want to Know: o How to deal with discipline/behavior of students o Where to draw the line o How common is it to teach a child with disabilities in a regular classroom? o Specialized methods for instructions o How to spot early signs of disability o How do you differentiate instruction? o Process for referral for special services o How to deal with parents
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° Who are Exceptional Children?
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