EDCI 2700- CH 1 - EDCI 2700 Chapter 1 In the beginning At the close of the 18th century in France procedures for educating children with sensory

EDCI 2700- CH 1 - EDCI 2700 Chapter 1 In the beginning At...

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EDCI 2700- Chapter 108/27/2015°In the beginningAt the close of the 18thcentury in France procedures for educating children with sensory impairments (blind, deaf) had been developed. Early 19thcentury saw the first attempts made to educate “idiots” and the “insane” children now believed to be those when had mental retardation and who were emotionally or behaviorally discorded. A new attitude was forming in America and France. Leading reformers in medicine and education began purporting that childrenand adults with disabilities should be taught skills that would allow them to become independent, productive citizens.°Who’s Who in Special EducationJean Marc Gaspard Itard (1775-1838)oFrench physician who was noted for his knowledge of diseasesof the ear and on educating students who were dead. He became know for educating the “wild boy.” His interventions dramatically improved this child’s behavior. Philippe Pinel (1745-1826)oThis French physician was a mentor to Itard. He was an advocated of humane treatment of the “insane.” He taught itard was wasting time with the Wild Boy.Eduard Seguin (1812-1880)oHe was a student of Itard. He immigrated to the US in 1848. He was noted as an educator of idiotic children. Their contributions:oIndividualized introductionsoCarefully sequenced series of educational tasksoEmphasis on stimulationoMeticulous arrangement of the children’s environment oImmediate reward for correct performanceoTutoring and functional skillsoBelief that every child should be educated to the greatest extent possible °American contributors
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Samuel Gridley Howe (1801-1876)oHe was a graduate of Harvard Medical School. He was founded in Perkins School for the Blind in Watertown. MA and taught who were dead and blind. He achieved success in teaching Laura Bridgeman who was deaf and blind, greatly influencing the education of Helen KellerThomas Hopkins Gallaudet (1787-1851)oHe was a ministers who attempted to teach a girl who was deaf. He established, in 1817, the first residential school in America for students who were deaf in Hartford, CT (now known as the American School for the Deaf) Gallaudet University in Washington DC, was named in his honor.°Class activity Know: oServices are different based on needoPatienceoDepending on security, life skills may be focus oHave IEPsoIn school until 21oUnderstanding how child learns bestWant to Know:oHow to deal with discipline/behavior of studentsoWhere to draw the lineoHow common is it to teach a child with disabilities in a regular classroom?oSpecialized methods for instructionsoHow to spot early signs of disability oHow do you differentiate instruction?oProcess for referral for special servicesoHow to deal with parents
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°Who are Exceptional Children?
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