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The_Cultural_Revolution_of_China-1 - 1 From 1966 to 1976...

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1 From 1966 to 1976, the reforms forced on the Chinese people by the communist party, had a deep effect on the generation to whom these rules were enforced. The leader and instigator of the communist party, Mao Tse-tung, proclaimed to all children that “To rebel is Justified”; and this is how many of them lead their lives during the cultural revolution of china. The Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution was officially launched in May of 1966, where it was understood to be a campaign aimed at ridding China of its liberal bourgeoisie aspect and to continue radical class struggle. It is understood; however, that this was a scheme set forth by Mao to regain control of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) after the Great Leap Forward caused him a great power loss. Mao used the Red Guards, a youth militia, to overthrow his potential enemies and to take control of the state and the party. They replaced the Central Committee with the Cultural Revolution Committee and they changed local governments into revolutionary committees. He announced “the sixteen-point decision”, which outlined how they had overthrown the bourgeoisie but not gotten rid of them. He aimed for the proletariat to do the exact opposite of the bourgeoisie; he wanted reform of art and literature, and the stabilization of the socialist system. (Cheng and Lestz 1999, 427) The principal forces behind the revolution were workers, peasants, soldiers, and exuberant youth. The masses were encouraged to educate themselves in the communist movement, and to use posters and debates to allow them to clarify the right from the wrong; the wrong was to be openly exposed as taboo. One of Mao’s main objectives was to put the Education Reform into play. This was used to project Mao’s idea that the students should develop moral, intellectual, and physical knowledge so that they would
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2 become laborers with social consciousness and culture. Many intellectuals were killed by the Red Guard who was following Mao’s instruction. After two years of the Cultural Revolution, the government administrations as well as the educational institutions were severely weakened by the Red Guard. Classes were not offered, and no student could graduate or progress in school. When the “send down” policy began, students that were well educated and reformed were forced to work in rural areas with mediocre jobs. The children that were affected by this “send down” policy had great social changes applied to their lives that created a lasting effect on their perceptions and behaviors. Because the changes of the Cultural Revolution was brought about during their childhood, there was a much greater chance that the imprint Mao left on them would last throughout their entire life. This generation was not allowed to get an education, or to continue on to working in the labor force because of their age and inexperience. Shortly after the initiation of the policy, schools and universities were opened back up so that the Red Guard could receive an education monitored by Mao.
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