Page 0136 - The first biography of author Eudora Welty came out in 1998 and she was 89 years old at the time(A and she was 89 years old at the time(B at

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Unformatted text preview: The first biography of author Eudora Welty came out in 1998 and she was 89 years old at the time. (A) and she was 89 years old at the time (B) at the time when she was 89 (C) upon becoming an 89 year old (D) when she was 89 (E) at the age of 89 years old ____ GO ON TO THE NEXT PAGE SECTION 4 Time—25 Minutes 35 Questions Select the best answer to each of the following questions; then blacken the appropriate space on your answer sheet. 5. The idea of inoculating people with smallpox to protect them from later attacks was introduced into Europe by Mary Wortley Montagu, who learned of it in Asia. (A) Mary Wortley Montagu, who learned of it in Asia (B) Mary Wortley Montagu, who learned of them in Asia (C) Mary Wortley Montagu, who learned it of those in Asia (D) Mary Wortley Montagu, learning of it in Asia (E) Mary Wortley Montagu, because she learned of it in Asia 6. In general, the fate of Latin American or East Asian countries will affect America more than it does Britain or France. (A) will affect America more than it does (B) will effect America more than it does (C) will affect America more than they do (D) will effect America more than they do (E) will affect America more than they would 7. While campaigning for President, Dole nearly exhausted his funds and must raise money so that he could pay for last-minute television commercials. (A) exhausted his funds and must raise money so that he could pay (B) would exhaust his funds to raise money so that he could pay (C) exhausted his funds and had to raise money so that he can pay (D) exhausted his funds and had to raise money so that he could pay (E) exhausted his funds and must raise money so that he can pay 8. Athletic coaches stress not only eating nutritious meals but also to get adequate sleep. (A) not only eating nutritious meals but also to get (B) to not only eat nutritious meals but also getting (C) not only to eat nutritious meals but also getting (D) not only the eating of nutritious meals but also getting (E) not only eating nutritious meals but also getting 9. The goal of the remedial program was that it enables the students to master the basic skills they need to succeed in regular coursework. (A) that it enables (B) by enabling (C) to enable (D) where students are enabled (E) where it enables 10. Having revised her dissertation with some care, that her thesis advisor rejected the changes distressed her greatly. (A) that her thesis advisor rejected the changes distressed her greatly (B) she found her thesis advisor’s rejection of the changes greatly distressing (C) her thesis advisor’s rejection of the changes was a great distress (D) she was greatly distressed about her thesis advisor rejecting the changes (E) her distress at her thesis advisor’s rejection of the changes was great 11. Running an insurance agency left Charles Ives little time for composition, yet he nevertheless developed a unique musical idiom. (A) nevertheless developed a unique musical idiom (B) nevertheless developed a very unique musical idiom (C) therefore developed a uniquely musical idiom (D) nevertheless developed his musical idiom uniquely (E) however developed a very unique and idiomatic music 42 Diagnostic Test 444444444444 GO ON TO THE NEXT PAGE Diagnostic Test 43 12. I _ have been A thinking _ lately about the monsters— or fantasies _ o B r _ whatever— _ th C at _ frightened _ my D self _ as a child. _ No e E rror _ 13. We _ adm A ired _ his _ ma B ny _ attempts _ bra C vely_ _ to e D nter _ the burning building. _ No e E rror _ 14. He worked in the lumber camps _ dur A ing _ the summer not _ beca B use of _ the money _b C ut _ because he wanted to strengthen his muscles by doing _ ha D rd _ physical labor. _ No e E rror _ 15. _ Th A at _ book is _ lia B ble _ to become a best seller because it is well written, _ full of s C uspense _ , and _ ve D ry _ entertaining. _ No e E rror _ 16. _ Accord A ing to _ a random poll _ take B n by _ National Wildlife, the top three threats to the environment _ i C s_ water pollution, air pollution, and _ haza D rdous _ wastes. _ No e E rror _ 17. His three children, Ruth, Frank, and Ellis, are very talented youngsters, _ b A ut _ the _ lat B ter __ sho C ws _ the _m D ost _ promise. _ No e E rror _ 18. _ Pas A sing _ antidrug legislation, calling for more education, and _ to B aid _ Bolivia in raids on cocaine dealers are _ allw C ays _ that the United States is fighting back _ aga D inst _ “crack” use. _ No e E rror _ 19. Cajun cooking, which uses _ special p A repared _ spices, has always been popular in Louisiana, _b B ut _ it is _ on C ly _ now becoming known in other _ par D ts of _ the country. _ No e E rror _ 20. It seems strange _ to real A ize that _ , when Harvey Firestone _ orga B nized _ the Firestone Tire and Rubber Company in _ 1900, C rubber _ tires _ had D been _ a novelty. _ No e E rror _ The sentences in this section may contain errors in grammar, usage, choice of words, or idioms. Either there is just one error in a sentence or the sentence is correct. Some words or phrases are underlined and lettered; everything else in the sentence is correct. If an underlined word or phrase is incorrect, choose that letter; if the sentence is correct, select No error. Then blacken the appropriate space on your answer sheet. Example: The region has a climate so severe that plants A growing there rarely had been more than twelve BC inches high. No error DE _____ 444444444444 GO ON TO THE NEXT PAGE 21. The same laser technology that is _ being A used _ on compact discs _i B s_ also _ under ap C plication _ to computers _ to ac D hieve _ additional memory. _ No e E rror _ 22. The Philippine government _ change A d hands __ wh B en _ Marcos failed _ satis C fying _ his countrymen that he had won the presidential election, and Corazon Aquino _ took D over _ . _ No e E rror _ 23. _ W A as _ _B it __ th C ey _ who were involved in the recent _ un D ruly _ demonstration? _ No e E rror _ 24. We _ must A regard _ any statement about this controversy, _ wha B tever _ the source, _ a C s _ gossip until _ the D y are _ confirmed. _ No e E rror _ 25. She is the _ on A ly _ one of the applicants _ w B ho __ a C re _ _ fully q D ualified _ for the position. _ No e E rror _ 26. _ In or A der to _ meet publication schedules, publishers often _ fi B nd __ it nec C essary _ to trim everyone’s schedule and leaving room for unexpected problems. _ No e E rror _ 27. There are probably few comeback stories as moving as cycling’s stalwart champion, Lance Armstrong. _ No e E rror _ 28. A hotel’s ability for winning the loyalty of its guests is primarily determined by the friendliness and courtesy of the employees who are stationed at the front desk. _ No e E rror _ 29. While some scientists are absorbed by the philosophical question of what consciousness is, but others restrict themselves to trying to understand what is going on at the neurological level when consciousness is present. _ No e E rror _ 44 Diagnostic Test 444444444444 GO ON TO THE NEXT PAGE AB CD A B CD AB C D D [1] When you turn on the radio or pop in a tape while the house is quiet or going to work or school in your car, you have several choices of music to listen to. [2] Although, in recent years, CDs have become the medium of choice over records and even tapes. [3] On the radio you have your rap on one station, your classical on another, your New Wave music on another, and then you have your Country. [4] Some young people feel that country is for fat old people, but it isn’t. [5] It is music for all ages, fat or thin. [6] Country music is “fun” music. [7] It has an unmistakable beat and sound that gets you up and ready to move. [8] You can really get into country, even if it is just the clapping of the hands or the stamping of the feet. [9] You can’t help feeling cheerful watching the country performers, who all seem so happy to be entertaining their close “friends,” although there may be 10,000 of them in the stadium or concert hall. [10] The musicians love it, and audience flips out with delight. [11] The interpersonal factors in evidence cause a sudden psychological bond to develop into a temporary, but nevertheless tightly knit, family unit. [12] For example, you can imagine June Carter Cash as your favorite aunt and Randy Travis as your long lost cousin. [13] Some people spurn country music. [14] Why, they ask, would anyone want to listen to singers whine about their broken marriages or their favorite pet that was run over by an 18-wheeler? [15] They claim that Willie Nelson, one of today’s country legends, can’t even keep his income taxes straight. [16] Another “dynamic” performer is Dolly Parton, whose most famous feature is definitely not her voice. [17] How talented could she be if her body is more famous than her singing? [18] Loretta Lynn is the greatest. [19] Anyone’s negative feelings towards country music would change after hearing Loretta’s strong, emotional, and haunting voice. [20] Look, it can’t hurt to give a listen. [21] You never know, you might even like it so much that you will go out, pick up a secondhand guitar and learn to strum a few chords. 30. Which is the best revision of the underlined segment of sentence 1 below? When you turn on the radio or pop in a tape while the house is quiet or going to work or school in your car, you have several choices of music to listen to. (A) while the house is quiet or in your car going to work or school (B) driving to work or school while the house is quiet (C) while the house is quiet or you are driving to work or school (D) while driving to work or school in your car, and the house is quiet (E) while there’s quiet in the house or you go to work or school in your car 31. To improve the coherence of paragraph 1, which of the following sentences should be deleted? (A) Sentence 1 (B) Sentence 2 (C) Sentence 3 (D) Sentence 4 (E) Sentence 5 Diagnostic Test 45 444444444444 GO ON TO THE NEXT PAGE The passage below is the unedited draft of a student’s essay. Parts of the essay need to be rewritten to make the meaning clearer and more precise. Read the essay carefully. The essay is followed by six questions about changes that might improve all or part of the organization, development, sentence structure, use of language, appropriateness to the audience, or use of standard written English. In each case, choose the answer that most clearly and effectively expresses the student’s intended meaning. Indicate your choice by blackening the corresponding space on the answer sheet. 32. In the context of the sentences that precede and follow sentence 8, which of the following is the best revision of sentence 8? (A) Clap your hands and stamp your feet is what to do to easily get into country. (B) You’re really into country, even if it is just clapping of the hands or stamping of the feet. (C) You can easily get into country just by clapping your hands or stamping your feet. (D) One can get into country music rather easily; one must merely clap one’s hands or stamp one’s feet. (E) Getting into country is easy, just clap your hands and stamp your feet. 33. With regard to the writing style and tone of the essay, which is the best revision of sentence 11? (A) The interpersonal relationship that develops suddenly creates a temporary, but nevertheless a closely knit, family unit. (B) A family-like relationship develops quickly and rapidly. (C) A close family-type relation is suddenly very much in evidence between the performer and his or her audience. (D) All of a sudden you feel like a member of a huge, but tight, family. (E) A sudden bond develops between the entertainer and the audience that might most suitably be described as a “family,” in the best sense of the term. 34. With regard to the essay as a whole, which of the following best describes the function of paragraph 3? (A) To present some objective data in support of another viewpoint (B) To offer a more balanced view of the essay’s subject matter (C) To ridicule readers who don’t agree with the writer (D) To lend further support to the essay’s main idea (E) To divert the reader’s attention from the main idea of the essay 35. Which of the following revisions of sentence 18 provides the smoothest transition between paragraphs 3 and 4? (A) Loretta Lynn is one of the great singers of country music. (B) Loretta Lynn, however, is the greatest country singer yet. (C) But you can bet they’ve never heard Loretta Lynn. (D) The sounds of Loretta Lynn tells a different story, however. (E) Loretta Lynn, on the other hand, is superb. 46 Diagnostic Test 444444444444 YOU MAY GO BACK AND REVIEW THIS SECTION IN THE REMAINING TIME, BUT DO NOT WORK IN ANY OTHER SECTION UNTIL TOLD TO DO SO. STOP Diagnostic Test 47 666666666666 Each of the following sentences contains one or two blanks; each blank indicates that a word or set of words has been left out. Below the sentence are five words or phrases, lettered A through E. Select the word or set of words that best completes the sentence. Example: Fame is ----; today’s rising star is all too soon tomorrow’s washed-up has-been. (A) rewarding (B) gradual (C) essential (D) spontaneous (E) transitory 1. Despite the ---- of the materials with which Tiffany worked, many of his glass masterpieces have survived for more than seventy years. (A) beauty (B) translucence (C) abundance (D) majesty (E) fragility 2. No summary of the behavior of animals toward reflected images is given, but not much else that is ---- seems missing from this comprehensive yet compact study of mirrors and mankind. (A) redundant (B) contemplative (C) relevant (D) peripheral (E) disputable 3. Pain is the body’s early warning system: loss of ---in the extremities leaves a person ---- injuring himself unwittingly. (A) agony...incapable of (B) sensation...vulnerable to (C) consciousness...desirous of (D) feeling...habituated to (E) movement...prone to 4. Much of the clown’s success may be attributed to the contrast between the ---- manner he adopts and the general ---- that characterizes the circus. (A) giddy...sobriety (B) lugubrious...hilarity (C) gaudy...clamor (D) joyful...hysteria (E) frenetic...excitement 5. Fortunately, she was ---- her accomplishments, properly unwilling to ---- them before her friends. (A) excited by...parade (B) immodest about...discuss (C) deprecatory about...flaunt (D) uncertain of...concede (E) unaware of...conceal ____ GO ON TO THE NEXT PAGE SECTION 6 Time—25 Minutes 24 Questions Select the best answer to each of the following questions; then blacken the appropriate space on your answer sheet. 48 Diagnostic Test Read the passages below, and then answer the questions that follow them. The correct response may be stated outright or merely suggested in the passages. 666666666666 Questions 6–9 are based on the following passages. Passage 1 Pioneering conservationist Marjory Stoneman Douglas called it the River of Grass. Stretching south from Lake Okeechobee, fed by the raindrenched Kissimmee River basin, the Everglades is a water marsh, a slow-moving river of swamps and sawgrass flowing southward to the Gulf of Mexico. It is a unique ecosystem, whose enduring value has come from its being home to countless species of plants and animals: cypress trees and mangroves, wood storks and egrets, snapping turtles and crocodiles. For the past 50 years, however, this river has been shrinking. Never a torrent, it has dwindled as engineering projects have diverted the waters feeding it to meet agricultural and housing needs. Passage 2 Today South Florida’s sugar industry is in serious trouble. Responding to the concerns of the scientific community and to the mandates of the Everglades Forever Act, local sugar producers have spent millions of dollars since 1994 to minimize the runoff of phosphorus from sugar cane fields into the Everglades. (Phosphorus runoff, scientists maintain, has encouraged an invasion of cattails, which overrun the native sawgrass and choke the flow of water through what was once a vast sawgrass marsh.) Sugar producers have adopted ecologically sound farming practices and at great cost have dramatically reduced phosphorus levels to help save the Everglades’ fragile ecosystem. But who or what will help save Florida’s imperiled sugar industry? 6. The author of Passage 1 cites the conservationist Marjory Stoneman Douglas in order to (A) present a viewpoint (B) challenge an opinion (C) introduce a metaphor (D) correct a misapprehension (E) honor a pioneer 7. In Passage 1, the word “enduring” (line 7) most nearly means (A) tolerating (B) noteworthy (C) hard-won (D) lasting (E) serene 8. In lines 22–26, the author of Passage 2 uses a parenthetic remark to (A) cast doubt on the credibility of a statement (B) provide background on the reasons for a concern (C) demonstrate support for the scientific community (D) explain the usage of a technical term (E) justify the efforts of the sugar industry 9. On the basis of the final sentence (“But…industry”) of Passage 2, the author of this passage would most likely appear to the author of Passage 1 as (A) strongly opposed to the Everglades cleanup (B) well informed concerning specific requirements of the Everglades Forever Act (C) inclined to overestimate the importance of the sugar industry (D) having a deep sympathy for environmental causes (E) having little understanding of scientific methods GO ON TO THE NEXT PAGE Line (5) (10) (15) (20) (25) (30) Diagnostic Test 49 Questions 10–15 are based on the following passage. In this excerpt from Richard Wright’s 1937 novel Black Boy, the young African-American narrator confronts a new world in the books he illegally borrows from the “whites-only” public library. That night in my rented room, while letting the hot water run over my can of pork and beans in the sink, I opened Mencken’s A Book of Prejudices and began to read. I was jarred and shocked by the style, the clear, clean, sweeping sentences. Why did he write like that? And how did one write like that? I pictured the man as a raging demon, slashing with his pen, consumed with hate, denouncing everything American, extolling everything European, laughing at the weaknesses of people, mocking God, authority. What was this? I stood up, trying to realize what reality lay behind the meaning of the words. Yes, this man was fighting, fighting with words. He was using words as a weapon, using them as one would use a club. Could words be weapons? Well, yes, for here they were. Then, maybe, perhaps, a Negro could use them as a weapon? No. It frightened me. I read on, and what amazed me was not what he said, but how on earth anybody had the courage to say it. What strange world was this? I concluded the book with the conviction that I had somehow overlooked something terribly important in life. I had once tried to write, had once reveled in feeling, had let my crude imagination roam, but the impulse to dream had been slowly beaten out of me by experience. Now it surged up again and I hungered for books, new ways of looking and seeing. It was not a matter of believing or disbelieving what I read, but of feeling something new, of being affected by something that made the look of the world different. As dawn broke I ate my pork and beans, feeling dopey, sleepy. I went to work, but the mood of the book would not die; it lingered, coloring everything I saw, heard, did. I now felt that I knew what the white men were feeling. Merely because I had read a book that had spoken of how they lived and thought, I identified myself with that book. I felt vaguely guilty. Would I, filled with bookish notions, act in a manner that would make the whites dislike me? I forged more notes and my trips to the library became frequent. Reading grew into a passion. My first serious novel was Sinclair Lewis’s Main Street. It made me see my boss, Mr. Gerald, and identify him as an American type. I would smile when I saw him lugging his golf bags into the office. I had always ...
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