Government Extra Credit

Government Extra Credit - Christopher Keith A00212943...

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Unformatted text preview: Christopher Keith A00212943 Optional Writing Assignment The Constitution The Constitution is our countrys law of the land. There were many influential people that contributed to the Constitution. The origin of the Constitution took place at the Philadelphia Convention in 1787 when 55 intelligent men met for the sole purpose of revising the Articles of Confederation. The Articles of Confederation at the time established a weak government controlled by the states. However, the Philadelphia Convention provided important issues that would shape the entire United States for years to come. At the Convention, there were areas of agreement and disagreement. Each person had his own ideas derived from his political philosophy. The issues important at the time included equality, the economy, and individual rights. The delegates all believed that a strong national government was needed. It was hard for anything to happen while the states controlled the government. There was no unity with the states and provided a vulnerable nation. Thus, the federal system was created. This system could deal with social and economic problems that the nation faced. The federal system divided powers between a strong national government and the states. The concepts of popular sovereignty, a limited government, and representative government were created. Popular sovereignty and representative government allowed the people to have their voice heard by the government. Also, the limited government did not give the national government too much power. The representatives agreed that there should be separation of powers and checks and balances. James Madison provided these schemes. This was important because it allowed the three branches of government (executive, legislative, and judicial) to be independent of the others so that no branch could control the other. Each branch was therefore given powers that could be used to check the others. This establishment allowed the government to never be ruled by a tyrant as was the case and reason for rebelling against England. There were also areas of disagreement though. Representation was an important factor during the convention. Under the Articles of Confederation, each state provided equal representation. However, larger states, such as Virginia, wanted representation based on population and proposed the Virginia Plan. Smaller states wanted equal representation and the New Jersey Plan was proposed. This major debate was settled by the creation of the Connecticut Compromise which created a bicameral legislature, the House of Representatives and Senate. The House would provide representation based on population, while the Senate would allow equal representation. Also, delegates disagreed on slavery. Since representation was based on population, how would the slaves be counted? The northern states did not want the slaves to count because it would give the south this advantage. This time the 3/5ths Compromise was created. It called for slaves to be counted as 3/5ths a person which would go towards representation and taxation. called for slaves to be counted as 3/5ths a person which would go towards representation and taxation....
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This note was uploaded on 04/27/2008 for the course GOVT 2305 taught by Professor Mcclendon during the Spring '08 term at Tyler College.

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Government Extra Credit - Christopher Keith A00212943...

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