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osteology checklist head and neck - MBChB Osteology...

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© University of Dundee 2012MBChB Osteology ChecklistThe Head & NeckFrontal bone (1)Supra-orbital foraminae or notchesFrontal sinusOrbital plates (form the roof of the orbits/floorof anterior cranial fossa)Coronal sutureEthmoid bone (1)Crista galliCribriform plate (with multiple foraminae)Superior turbinate (concha)Middle turbinate (concha)Ethmoid air cellsPerpendicular plate (with the vomer forms thebony part of nasal septum)Sphenoid bone (1)Optic canalsSuperior orbital fissureForaminae rotundum, ovale & spinosumPituitary (hypophysial) fossaResourcesGrant’s Atlas of Anatomy, 12thEditionAcland’s Video Atlas of Human Anatomy:Section 4.1.1-6Section 4.2Section 4.3.2-4Section 4.4.1-3 & 4.4.6Section 5.5.1NB re Acland terminologySella turcica relates to the region of thepituitary fossaAlways use the checklists provided by theanatomy staff in Dundee as your guide to thestructures that you must know.Thehead= the brain, its protective coverings, the ears and the faceSkeleton of the head = theskull(cranium)Theskull= the neurocranium (the cranial vault) + the viscerocranium (the facial skeleton)The neurocranium (cranial vault) =skullcap(calvaria) +the base of the skull(cranial base)Thecranial cavity= space inside the skullThefloor of the cranial cavity= the internal aspect of the base of the skullThecranial fossae(anterior, middle & posterior) = 3 large depressions of the floor of the cranial cavityTheneck= joins the head to the trunk (the chest/abdomen/pelvis)

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Bones of the head and neck, cranial cavity, frontal bone, Zygomatic process of temporal bone, Superior articular facets

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