2-History-6 - History I. Philosophical Developments Monism...

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1 History of Psychology History I. Philosophical Developments Monism vs. Dualism Nature vs. Nurture II. Localization of Function--Physiology (19th cent.) III. Evolution--Charles Darwin IV. Origin of Experimental Psychology German Experimentalists Functionalism Gestalt Psychology Behaviorism Cognitive Psychology Cognitive Neuroscience Philosophical Developments Monism vs. Dualism: the mind-body problem Dualism --Descartes (1596-1650). There are 2 kinds of substance, mental substance (the soul) and physical substance (the body). The soul gets info from the body then makes decisions and directs the body. Conscious thought is a property of the soul. Monism (Materialism)--Hobbes (British, 1588-1679). Concept of spirit/soul is meaningless. Conscious thought is an epiphenomenon --i.e., a product of the brain's machinery; it does not cause things to happen. Philosophical Developments Nature vs. Nurture: Where does knowledge come from? British Empiricism (Nurture)
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This note was uploaded on 04/27/2008 for the course PSYCH 201 taught by Professor Sereno during the Spring '07 term at University of Oregon.

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2-History-6 - History I. Philosophical Developments Monism...

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