Psychology 201 - Psychology CHAPTER 1 What is Psychology...

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Psychology 08/24/2016 ° CHAPTER 1 What is Psychology? The study of mental activity and behavior Psychological Science o The study, through research, of mind, brain, and behavior. o Mind Mental activity o Behavior Overt- observable Covert- unobservable ° What’s the Point? Critical thinking o Systematically question and evaluate information using well- supported evidence Application Confirmation Bias o Showing a strong tendency to place a great importance on evidence that supports their beliefs Credibility o Judge source credibility More critical thinking pitfalls o Misunderstanding statistics
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Roulette o Making a relationship out of nothing Eating a bagel for breakfast causes better grades o Using relative comparisons o Hindsight Bias An explanation of things that happened after-the-fact James Holmes- Hindsight 20/20 o Self-serving Bias People believe they are better than average ° What is Psychology built on? Different schools of thought Nature v. Nurture o The debate concerning whether psychological characteristics are biologically innate or acquired through education, experience, and culture. CULTURE o The beliefs, values, rules, and customs that exist within a group of people who share a common language and environment Mind v Body o Monism Mind and body are one o Dualism Descartes Mind and body are separate
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° REVIEW What is the definition of psychology? o The study of mental activity and behavior What is the difference between mind and behavior? o Covert and Overt What is overt and covert behavior? o Overt- observable o Covert- unobservable What is confirmation bias? o Looking for evidence that proves you right What is hindsight bias? o Explanation of things happened after-the-fact What is self-serving bias? o People’s belief that they are better than average What is monism v dualism? o Monism- mind and body are one o Dualism- mind and body are separate ° ° Who’s Who? Wilhelm Wundt o Father of Psychology
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o Lepzig, Germany o 1879 o Originally a psychologist then studied reaction time Then mental reaction time Then experience o Used Introspection A systematic examination of subject mental experiences that requires people to inspect and report on the content of their thoughts Edward Titchener o Wilhelm Wundt’s student o Founder of Structuralism An approach to psychology based on the idea that conscious experience can be broken down into its basic underlying components William James o Began including animals in psychology o Helped establish psychology as a discipline o Functionalism An approach to psychology concerned with the adaptive purposed, or function, of mind and behavior Charles Darwin o Theory of Evolution A theory viewed the history of a species in terms of the inherited, adaptive value of physical characteristics of mental activity and behavior o Adaptation
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  • Spring '12
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  • Psychology, researcher, mental activity

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