Eamon De Valera Revision - Eamon De Valera Assess...

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Eamon De Valera Assess government in the pre-war years- politically, socially and economically. The Challenge to Britain: Abolishing the oath - De Valera took over the Department of External affairs as well as the Presidency- began an attack on the Treaty. - Made it difficult for the British to retaliate- adopted a step by step approach and stayed within the law. - De Valera introduced a bill abolishing the oath on 20 th April 1932. - Passed through the Dáil but was rejected by the senate which Cumann na nGaedheal still controlled. - Result: postponed until May 1933. The Governor General - De Valera also wished to abolish the office of Governor General. - Advised that he had to have someone to sign bills passed. - The Governor General in 1932 was James MacNeill who had succeeded T.M Healy in 1928; - Fianna Fail ministers systematically insulted him and forced his resignation. - De Valera then appointed Domhnall O Buachalla. - O Buachalla did not occupy official residence in the Phoenix Park and never performed any public duties. - He put his name to anything put in front of him. De Valera’s puppet. Annuities and Protection - De Valera announced he would stop the payment of the land annuities to Britain. - The Cosgrave government had promised to pay the annuities in agreements in 1923 and 1926, but as they had not been ratified by Dáil Éireann, De Valera did not consider them binding. - March 1932: Sean MacEntee- finance minister- new budget. - Contained new duties on 43 imports. Duties intended to protect Irish industries. - Most of the imports affected came from Britain- looked like part of the anti- British campaign. - De Valera hoped to keep the political and economic issues separate but for the British the two were inseparable. - The coalition government in Britain was ignorant of Irish politics- no representative in Dublin. - Thought de Valera was about to take Ireland out of the commonwealth and at the same time default on his debts. Economic War 1932- 38 - On 1 st July next installment of annuities due- when not paid the British retaliated. - Imposed 20% duties on Irish cattle and other agricultural exports.
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- Officially this was to recover the annuity money- but secretly the British hoped to cause enough hardship to destabilize de Valera’s government and ensure the return of their friends in Cumann na nGaedheal. - Allowed Fianna Fall ministers to do what they wanted anyway, and blame the consequences on Britain. - 23 rd July Fianna Fail passed the Emergency Imposition of Duties Act. - Allowed the government to impose a duty of 20% on imports from Britain including machinery, electrical goods, iron, steel and cement- plus 25p a ton on British coal. - Bound to hit the consumer- but presented as a patriotic response to the old enemy. -
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This note was uploaded on 04/27/2008 for the course HISTORY Ireland 18 taught by Professor Drmurphy during the Spring '08 term at Trinity College Dublin.

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Eamon De Valera Revision - Eamon De Valera Assess...

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