antrhopology+notes - Forager: chief concerns- abundance of...

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4/8 Exogamy- outside group Endogamy- inside group *universal rule (broad context) Exogamy- more strictly enforced incest- almost always included parents and siblings Endogamy may be required ex: Indian Hindu Caste system usually preferential (in the US) social class race religion age Polygamy- most cultures allow (do not require) polygamy- most marriages in those cultures are monogamous expensive- generally practiced only by the well-off and the upwardly mobile (socially) in traditional cultures, women favor polygamy o first wives get privileges reduce labor has authority over other wives o sororal polygamy- sisters (no bride price) o wives were given separations European Colonialism outlawed polygyny but in rural areas, all over the 3 rd world countries, polygyny is still practiced Polyandry- very rare 4/19 Religion: beliefs and practices concerning supernatural powers and beings –diverse beliefs religion meets culturally specific needs
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Unformatted text preview: Forager: chief concerns- abundance of game illness ** must show respect for the animals you kill- if not, you will get sick forager gods tend to be animal gods Peasants: chief concerns- fertility illness gods- ancestral spirits o dead ancestors (souls) o still interested in the living o if ancestors are happy with you, they will help you ancestors want: family harmony respect and remembered respect rituals if ancestors are not happy with the living, they bring illness Culture bound religions vs. world religions Culture bound religions: most religions religion is for a single culture born into it no human founder no text based on solving todays problems World religions: for anyone most people belong choice human founder text is important salvation...
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This note was uploaded on 04/27/2008 for the course ANT 46.200 taught by Professor Minderhout during the Spring '07 term at Bloomsburg.

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antrhopology+notes - Forager: chief concerns- abundance of...

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