Motivation - MOTIVATION Theories on Motivation Maslow's...

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 MOTIVATION Theories on Motivation Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs Achievement Motivation Locus of Control Attribution Theory Efficacy Expectation General Principles of Motivation ARCS Model of Motivation
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2 Motivation Effort to persist = Expectancy of success * Value/reward of task Definition Inner drive or predisposition to strive Factors Affecting Motivation 1. Effort to persist on a task 2. Expectancy of success 3. Task value or reward
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3 Motivation Continued Types of Rewards Intrinsic  :   Internal rewards Extrinsic   :    External rewards Educational Implications Learning goals  Acquisition of skills and knowledge for their own sake Performance goals  Demonstration of skills and knowledge for recognition
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4 LIFE in FIVE CHAPTERS
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5 Major Theories of Motivation Theory Definition of Motivation Maslow’s Hierarchy   of  Needs Motivation is based on hierarchically organized needs Fundamental   Psychological   Self-actualization Needs Achievement Motivation Motivation is based on conflicting needs: Achieve success vs. Avoid failure Locus of Control Motivation is a function of one’s beliefs: Due to internal factors vs. Due to external factors Attribution Theory Motivation if influenced by beliefs about the causes of one’s  successes and failures: Ability vs. Luck  ~  Effort vs. Task Difficulty Efficacy Expectation Motivation is based on personal belief based on experience Past promoted success vs. Past promoted failure
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6 Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs
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7 Another View of  Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs
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This note was uploaded on 04/27/2008 for the course PSYCHOLOGY 48.251 taught by Professor Redfern during the Spring '08 term at Bloomsburg.

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Motivation - MOTIVATION Theories on Motivation Maslow's...

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