stuttering.p - Stuttering, Assessment and Treatment...

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Stuttering, Assessment and Treatment
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Stuttering Trivia S Who stutters more often – males or females? S Who stutters worse – males or females? S In whom does it last longer – males or females? S When do children begin stuttering, if they’re going to? S What percentage of kids stutter?
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Stuttering Trivia S What relationship does stuttering have to emotional problems? S In terms of intelligence, how do people who stutter typically compare to people who do not stutter? S Is stuttering learned by imitating others who stutter? S Do all people develop stuttering the same way?
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Stuttering S Stuttering is a disorder of speech fluency that …… S How many people are always fluent? S All individuals are dysfluent at times, but what differentiates the person who stutters from someone with normal speech are the __________________ of the dysfluencies.
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Types of dysfluencies - normals S Dysfluencies heard in the speech of normal speakers y fillers (um, ah) S hesitations S whole word and phrase repetitions S revisions.
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Types of dysfluencies - stuttering S Dysfluencies that are more characteristic of stuttering include: S Repetitions y Prolongations (unnatural …. .. S Blocks (sound gets stuck and …. . S Also tend to see Secondary behaviors in stuttering, but hold that thought till later.
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Type, frequency, and duration S A percentage of dysfluency = the number of dysfluencies in __________words . y The average speaker has up to _______ dysfluencies ______________ S They are usually rapid and don't slow speech down. S Stuttering : _________ and up -- longer pauses and accompanied by _____________ y People who stutter also have some normal nonfluencies.
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Characteristics of Stuttering y Repetitions y of sounds (e.g. S syllables (e.g. S parts of words (e.g. S whole words and phrases S Prolongations y stretching, of sounds or syllables (e.g. S Blocks. y Tense pauses, hesitations, and/or no sound between words
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Characteristics of Stuttering y Related behaviors/Secondaries: reactions that accompany stuttering such as: S Tense muscles in the …. .. S _______________ of the lips, jaw, and/or tongue during attempts to speak; S Foot tapping. eye blinks, head turns, etc. [to try to ______________________ the stuttering] S There are many related behaviors that can occur and vary from person to person.
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Variability, variability, variability S There is great Variability in stuttering behavior, depending on the . .. S
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This note was uploaded on 04/27/2008 for the course COMM 72.152 taught by Professor Smith during the Spring '07 term at Bloomsburg.

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stuttering.p - Stuttering, Assessment and Treatment...

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