Exceptionalities - EXCEPTIONALITIES Definitions Categories...

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EXCEPTIONALITIES Definitions Categories Descriptions Major Federal Legislations Classroom Strategies
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Exceptionalities: Definitions Exceptional Individuals Youth who require special education and related services  (physical therapy, occupational therapy, psychotherapy, speech  education, transportation, etc.) Special Education Specifically designed instruction that meets the usual needs of  exceptional individuals
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Categories of Exceptionalities General Category Specific Category Students with specific  cognitive or academic  difficulties Learning disabilities Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder  (ADHD) Speech and communication disorders Students with social or  behavioral problems Emotional or behavioral disorders Autism Students with general delays  in cognitive and social  functioning Mental retardation Students with physical or  sensory challenges Physical and health impairments Visual impairments Deaf/Hard of Hearing Severe and multiple disabilities Students with advanced  cognitive development Giftedness
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Descriptions of Exceptionalities Learning disabilities Students with average to above-average intelligence who have a  chronic condition of presumed neurological origin which selectively  interferes with one or more of the following: Perceptual motor skills (reversals, spacing, poor fine motor  development) Conceptual development Oral language comprehension (multiple commands) Oral language expression (difficulty in retrieving words) Problems in reading or inability to read (dyslexia) Problems in writing or inability to write (dysgraphia)
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Descriptions Continued Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) Students with a disorder marked by either one or both of the  following characteristics: Difficulty focusing and maintaining attention Frequent hyperactive and impulsive behavior Speech and communication disorders Students with an impairment in the ability to receive, send,  process, and comprehend concepts -- verbal, nonverbal, or  graphic symbols  Articulation (SODA – substitutions, omissions, distortions and  additions) Fluency (interruption in flow of speaking) Voice (pitch, loudness, duration, resonance)
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This note was uploaded on 04/27/2008 for the course PSYCHOLOGY 48.251 taught by Professor Redfern during the Spring '08 term at Bloomsburg.

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Exceptionalities - EXCEPTIONALITIES Definitions Categories...

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