Test #1 Study Guide-Psych. Found. of Ed.

Test #1 Study Guide-Psych. Found. of Ed. - Psychological...

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Psychological Foundations of Education Study Guide Test 1 Format: Administered on BlackBoard (Review Practice Test) Four sections: Matching, True/False, Ordering, Multiple Choice o 20 Multiple Choice, worth 3 points each = 60 pts o 15 True/False, worth 2 pts each = 30 pts o 1 Matching, worth 5 pts = 5 pts o 1 Ordering, worth 5 pts = 5 pts Total = 100 pts Terms to Review Schema : In contemporary cognitive psychology, an organized body of knowledge about a specific topic Accommodation : modifying existing schema when dealing with new/novel events or objects Assimilation : using existing schemata when dealing with new/novel events or objects Behavioral learning : a relatively permanent change in an individual’s behavior as a result of experience Cognitive learning : a relatively permanent change in an individual’s cognitive processes as a result of experience Conservation : The realization that if nothing is added or taken away, amount(e.g. number, mass) stays the same regardless of any alterations in shape or arrangement Disequilibrium : state of not knowing- being distressed (equilibrium you know and are at ease) Encoding : The process of purposefully putting information into LTM Egocentrism : students think their own perspective is the only one possible. The inability of adolescents in Piaget’s formal operations stage to separate their own abstract logic from the perspectives of others and from practical considerations Equilibration : process of moving from state of equilibrium to disequilibrium then back to equilibrium, which promotes progression toward increasingly more complex levels of thought(the end product of equilibration is learning) Inner speech : Process of “talking” to one’s self mentally rather than aloud Metacognition : knowing and having control over one’s cognitive processes Object permanence : the realization that objects continue to exist even when removed from view Operations : mental processes that allow them to think more logically
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Test #1 Study Guide-Psych. Found. of Ed. - Psychological...

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