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Unformatted text preview: Spanish Mastiff (Presa Canario) The Columbian Exchange European Plants: A Landscape Transformed (and World Creolized) From the Americas to Europe Foodstuffs Increased calories Increased fats Disease Syphilis Same disease stem as leprosy American Crops and European Population Growth Caloric Values of Old and New World Crops (Millions of Calories / Acre) Old World Wheat: 1.3 Barley: 2.1 Oats: 2.3 New World Maize (Corn): 3.2 Potatoes: 3.3 Sweet Potatoes: 3.3 Syphilis and Historians Syphilis moved through Europe very quickly, and the disease took effect quickly. Therefore, the Europeans had not been previously exposed Native American Societies, 900-1750CE Paleo-Indians (ca 35,000 BCE 4,000 BCE) Archaic Indians (ca 4,000 BCE 1,500 BCE) Stone tools Woodland Cultures (ca 1,500 BCE contact period) Hunters, spears, pottery, agriculture Mississippian Cultures (ca 1,000 CE 1450 CE) Very artistic, elaborated Cahokia Woodhenge...
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