08_Notes - Spanish Mastiff (Presa Canario) The Columbian...

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Smallpox in Central America Aztec = Mexica Smallpox Symptoms Fever Suffocation Exsanguinations Reasons for Cortez’s victory over the Mexica Smallpox and pneumonia killed all the Arawak Indians 1519 Trade (and Hernando Cortes) brought smallpox to the Aztecs 1521 Central American Indian populations estimated at twenty-five million in 1490; fifteen million in 1530 Death rates left most societies in complete disarray Disease traveled quickly along trade routes Pizarro destroyed the Incas, was brutal Bartolomeo de las Casas Smallpox in North America Smallpox was in Michigan and Southern Canada by the late 1520s Mortality rates 75-90% Decimated the Cherokee, Iroquois, Huron, Catawba, and many other nations Eliminated the Mandan by the 1830s Blech on John Winthrop William Bradford (pilgrims) George Vancouver European Animals Seeding – Deliberately let some animals run free (to provide food) By 1619, 80, 000 head of cattle were taken for their hides near Buenos Aires each year without decreasing the size of the wild herds. Horses = Stags of the Spanish
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Unformatted text preview: Spanish Mastiff (Presa Canario) The Columbian Exchange European Plants: A Landscape Transformed (and World Creolized) From the Americas to Europe Foodstuffs Increased calories Increased fats Disease Syphilis Same disease stem as leprosy American Crops and European Population Growth Caloric Values of Old and New World Crops (Millions of Calories / Acre) Old World Wheat: 1.3 Barley: 2.1 Oats: 2.3 New World Maize (Corn): 3.2 Potatoes: 3.3 Sweet Potatoes: 3.3 Syphilis and Historians Syphilis moved through Europe very quickly, and the disease took effect quickly. Therefore, the Europeans had not been previously exposed Native American Societies, 900-1750CE Paleo-Indians (ca 35,000 BCE 4,000 BCE) Archaic Indians (ca 4,000 BCE 1,500 BCE) Stone tools Woodland Cultures (ca 1,500 BCE contact period) Hunters, spears, pottery, agriculture Mississippian Cultures (ca 1,000 CE 1450 CE) Very artistic, elaborated Cahokia Woodhenge...
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08_Notes - Spanish Mastiff (Presa Canario) The Columbian...

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