08 - Native America Migration and the Columbian Exchange Types of Evidence Archeological(material evidence Pre written language DNA Evidence Linguistic

08 - Native America Migration and the Columbian Exchange...

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Native America Migration and the Columbian Exchange Types of Evidence Archeological (material) evidence – Pre written language DNA Evidence Linguistic Evidence From 1920s-1970s, Native Americans were assumed to have migrated 9,500 BCE (theory by Clovis Complex) Other evidence suggested 20,000? BCE – 12,000 BCE (Late Pleistocene) Native Americans used spears (rather than arrows) into the CE The Columbian Exchange, ca 1500 Europe to the Americas Disease Plants Animals Native American Ecologies and Societies in Disarray Native Americans’ immunological systems developed in isolation No domestic animals (besides some dogs) Low population density

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