08 - Semi-arctic conditions Relatively limited genetic...

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Native America Migration and the Columbian Exchange Types of Evidence Archeological (material) evidence – Pre written language DNA Evidence Linguistic Evidence From 1920s-1970s, Native Americans were assumed to have migrated 9,500 BCE (theory by Clovis Complex) Other evidence suggested 20,000? BCE – 12,000 BCE (Late Pleistocene) Native Americans used spears (rather than arrows) into the CE The Columbian Exchange, ca 1500 Europe to the Americas Disease Plants Animals Native American Ecologies and Societies in Disarray Native Americans’ immunological systems developed in isolation No domestic animals (besides some dogs) Low population density
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Unformatted text preview: Semi-arctic conditions Relatively limited genetic diversity The Vikings in North America Ca 985 Occupied Iceland, Greenland, Canada (reached Canada around 1000) Vikings did not have disease (too cold) The Vikings were unsuccessful in colonization because they didn’t benefit from desease Christopher Columbus 1492 – First voyage to American funded by Spain The Columbian Exchange (A Portmanteau Biota: Europe to the Americas) Disease Smallpox, Chicken Pox, Measles, etc Epidemiological boundaries Immunological differences Acquired vs Genetic Resistance Enormous depopulation...
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This note was uploaded on 04/27/2008 for the course HIST 202 taught by Professor C.daniels during the Spring '07 term at Michigan State University.

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