andrew carnegie

andrew carnegie - Jenna Drake Andrew Carnegie paper The...

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Jenna Drake Andrew Carnegie paper The story of Andrew Carnegie is looked at as the great American success story. His story is that of a true rags to riches story. Carnegies rose from a poor Scottish immigrant to become the richest man in the world during his lifetime. He is also important to history because he created and perfected many of the first business techniques, and caused steel to be the first “big business” in manufacturing. The management techniques he used to run his business also were the first many saw used in that industry and were subsequently used by many others. The Carnegie family, comprised of his father Will, his mother Margaret, and younger brother Tom, immigrated to the United States in 1848. Just in the family’s first two years in America they were able to repay the money they borrowed for passage to the new world and purchase a home in Allegheny, Pennsylvania. The income they were making surpassed any they could have hoped to make back home. However, when they first arrived they stayed with Margaret’s sister Annie Aitkin while Margaret, Will, and Andrew found jobs. Carnegie’s first job in American was as a bobbin boy in a textile mill making $1.20 per week. He later said, “I have made millions since, but none of these gave me so much happiness as my first week’s earnings.” (16) Even though he didn’t like the work he stayed on hoping he could eventually take a better position. He took advantage of the small clerical jobs he was sometimes given by learning double entry bookkeeping. Unfortunately his home life was something of a disaster with his father refusing to work in factories preferring to work at his loom forcing his mother to become the main money maker of the family. Andrew on the other hand stuck it out in the mill until he found a job as a messenger boy for O’Reilly Telegraph Company. He
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used this opportunity to learn everything he could about the local businesses’, and there was rarely anything going on in the business world of Pittsburgh that he didn’t know about. Carnegie was then promoted from messenger to operator, and became one of the first to learn how to take messages by listening instead of reading. It was in this position that he demonstrated his ability to get his workers to go along with his ideals and business practices. In 1852 when Tom Scott took over as superintendent of the western division of the Pennsylvania Railroad he offered Carnegie a job as a secretary and personal telegrapher which he immediately accepted. Scott then gave Carnegie the job of finding men for the railroads own telegraph company. Carnegie got his friends from O’Reilly to come and work for the railroad. Carnegie then became Scott’s right hand man doing things such as talking with customers about their needs, and learning what shipments were being made, and also learning how to deal with the laborers of the railroad. He would later use the skills he learned from Scott about how to make the workers work hard
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andrew carnegie - Jenna Drake Andrew Carnegie paper The...

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