IR test paper

IR test paper - Scott Levy Professor Clement International...

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Scott Levy International Relations Professor Clement February 4, 2008 In his book The Peace of Illusions , Christopher Layne argues for extraregional hegemony theory. This theory combines elements of first-wave offensive realism with William Appleman Williams’ Open Door thesis in order to describe the United States’ grand strategy since the 1940s. More specifically, the theory tries to explain why the United States has sought extraregional hegemony and has not acted as an offshore balancer. Because of its combination of both systematic and domestic factors, Layne’s extraregional hegemony theory has more explanatory power and theoretical sophistication than offensive and defensive realism. According to Layne, the United States has been able to act as an extraregional hegemon and not merely an offshore balancer because of three systematic factors. First, the United States established itself as the regional hegemon of the Western Hemisphere. Second, since World War II, the United States has had a strong power advantage over the other major states in the international system. Third, the distribution of power among the United States and Western European countries strongly favored the United States allowing it to expand into Europe without facing strong opposition. 1 While the international system has provided the United States with the opportunity for extraregional hegemony, domestic factors, such as the Open Door thesis, have provided the United States with the motive to act as an extraregional hegemony and not as an offshore balancer. According to the Open Door, the goals of the United States’ grand strategy have been to spread its liberal values abroad and
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This note was uploaded on 04/27/2008 for the course IR 008 taught by Professor Clement during the Spring '08 term at Claremont.

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IR test paper - Scott Levy Professor Clement International...

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